By Gordon P. Kelly
Roman senators and equestrians have been continuously prone to prosecution for his or her reliable behavior, in particular considering politically influenced accusations have been universal. whilst charged with a criminal offense in Republican Rome, such males had a decision relating their destiny. they can both stay in Rome and face attainable conviction and punishment, or move into voluntary exile and stay away from criminal sentence. for almost all of the Republican interval, exile was once no longer a proper criminal penalty contained in statutes, even though it used to be the sensible end result of such a lot capital convictions. regardless of its value within the political area, Roman exile has been a missed subject in smooth scholarship. This 2006 research examines all features of exile within the Roman Republic: its historic improvement, technical criminal concerns, the opportunity of recovery, in addition to the results of exile at the lives and households of banished males.
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Extra info for A History of Exile in the Roman Republic
1. Mackay, C. Gracchus, 138. pikhrÅsseiν is generally used in this context. Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 aquae et ignis interdictio 31 that C. 55 C. Mackay has convincingly demonstrated that the banishment inflicted against the Gracchans by the special commission (quaestio extraordinaria) headed by P. Popillius Laenas and P. 57 Thus it is difficult to see the lex Sempronia de provocatione as restricting a customary and wellestablished power of the magistrates. According to another interpretation of the events of 100, the rogatio of Saturninus requested that the consuls use their power of relegatio to expel an unindicted Metellus.
128 and 129; cf. 127–128, where Cicero mentions a lex Papiria that forbade consecration without the approval of the plebs. See W. J. Tatum, “The Lex Papiria De Dedicationibus,” CPh 88 (1993), 326–328; P. Moreau, “La Lex Clodia sur le banissement de Cic´eron,” Athenaeum 75 (1987), 478–480. Cic. Att. 2–4. Confiscation of property: G. v. “Exilium,” col. v. “Aquae et Ignis Interdictio,” col. 308–309; Greenidge, Legal Procedure, 396; Bauman, Crime and Punishment, 12. Both sanctions against helping the interdictus and confiscation: Grasm¨uck, Exilium, 66 and 94 n.
37. Mackay, C. Gracchus, 139 n. 66, acknowledges the similarities between his version of Metellus’ exile and Cicero’s experience in 58. 4, “The Exile of M. , Dom. 87 (in regards to both Popillius Laenas and Metellus Numidicus): qui expulsi sunt inique, sed tamen legibus (They were expelled unjustly, but nevertheless according to the laws). Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 32 exilium: legal and historical issues fire and water, and the plebs ratified the measure (tribuni plebem rogaverunt plebesque ita scivit .