A Masterpiece Reconstructed: The Hours of Louis XII by Thomas Kren, Mark Evans, Janet Backhouse, Nancy Turner

By Thomas Kren, Mark Evans, Janet Backhouse, Nancy Turner

The Hours of Louis XII is the lovely prayer e-book that Jean Bourdichon painted for the king of France, often most probably at the party of his coronation in 1498. Bourdichon was once the courtroom painter to 4 successive French kings, together with Louis and his predecessor, Charles VIII. The manuscript was once initially illuminated with twelve huge calendar miniatures and dozen full-page miniatures, yet via the 17th century the Hours of Louis XII have been dismembered in order that the massive miniatures might be loved individually as person work. lately 16 of those pictures were situated, together with the portrait of the king that served because the book's frontispiece. This catalogue, which accompanies an exhibition on the J. Paul Getty Museum, to be held October 18, 2005-January eight, 2006, publishes the work jointly for the 1st time, besides a variety of alternative books illuminated by way of the artist, by way of his instructor Jean Fouquet, and via their contemporaries.
Janet Backhouse, who initially assembled the proof testifying to the lifestyles of this long-forgotten masterpiece, introduces the publication and its cycle of miniatures. Thomas Kren considers the book's provocative miniature of Bathsheba bathing in the context of the king's personal style and predilections and in the rising style of the feminine nude in French portray. Nancy Turner examines the $64000 facts of the painter/illuminator Bourdichon's process within the Hours of Louis XII when it comes to his different paintings and that of Jean Fouquet. Mark Evans examines the person histories of every of the surviving parts of the manuscript to reconstruct their peregrinations and to weigh the proof of the book's position within the background of gathering unmarried illuminated leaves. finally, an appendix provides a reconstruction of the book's devotional contents and application of illumination.

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345-49). Avril believes that Bourdichon may have painted one of the book's lesser half-length illuminations, an initial (fol. 9v; see Avril 2003, P- 346). Ringbom mistakenly attributed the large half-length miniatures in the book to Bourdichon (1984, pp. 209-10). 40. Ringbom 1984, pp. 195-204. 41. As Peter Kidd pointed out in his examination of Royal Ms. 2 D XL, some of the explicit pages of individual devotions are blank on the versos—the text concludes on the rectos—so that a number of the full-page miniatures would have faced pages with only a bar border and ruled lines, but no text at all, and there are also some versos lacking both text and bar borders (though in these instances bar borders still appear on the rectos).

33. Mark Evans, "Bourdichon's Nativity" National Art Collections Fund 2003 Review (London, 2004), p. 135. 34. " 35. The Hours of Anne of Brittany has forty-nine full-page miniatures plus twelve full historiated calendar borders along with several leaves with illuminated armorials and heraldry. In the tally of twenty-four full-page miniatures proposed here for the Hours of Louis XII, the two miniatures that would have made up the frontispiece diptych and The Annunciation are each counted as two rather than one.

Tanis 2001, pp. 70-74, no. 16. 31. Sometimes in French books of hours, the Gospel extracts are introduced by a single full-page miniature, representing either Saint John the Evangelist or all four evangelists together. It is the survival of an evangelist miniature other than Saint John that suggests the existence of the three others. 32. Dom Anselm M. Albareda, "Els Manuscrits de la biblioteca del Monestir de Montserrat" Analecta Montserratensia, vol. i (1917), pp. 71-76, cat. 53. 33. Mark Evans, "Bourdichon's Nativity" National Art Collections Fund 2003 Review (London, 2004), p.

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