Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer by I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)

By I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)

Agricultural examine used to be most likely the 1st and is the main common kind of organised examine on this planet, and one during which either the main constructed and underdeveloped international locations are engaged. while so much different types of learn task, similar to within the box of drugs, have global­ huge program, agricultural learn, via its very nature, needs to be neighborhood; essentially no study discovering should be followed with no learning the result of its program below the endless variety of ecological events with which the farmers of the realm are confronted. the advance of agricultural creation is the basic first step wherein constructing nations can wish to elevate their lifestyle. examine is accordingly an task during which no underdeveloped state can have enough money to not have interaction; nor can international locations during which agriculture has reached a excessive point of improvement and class have the funds for to forget agricultural examine. it isn't due to inertia or vested pursuits that hugely industrialised international locations keep, normally at public rate, a expensive and complicated infrastructure for agricultural examine. even if difficulties of overproduction weigh seriously at the economic climate, agricultural learn is taken into account the fundamental key to additional growth: the targets and ambitions are easily replaced and tailored to the wishes of the economy.

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LINKAGES WITH THE EXTENSION SERVICE Research results are regularly diffused by the Extension Service. Meetings between research and extension workers are organised on a regular basis by the research institutions; conversely, the Extension Service carries out field experiments in collaboration with research workers in planning, implementation and evaluation. In each research institution, certain senior research workers assume responsibility for liaison with the extension service. INSTITUTE FOR ENCOURAGEMENT OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN INDUSTRY AND AGRICULTURE (IRSIA) IRSIA was established immediately after World War II, in order to promote research in important areas by subsidising limited-term contract research.

The most important contribution is made by the Faculty of Veterinary Science at the National University of Utrecht. RESEARCH POLICY 'The Netherlands never has had an independent agricultural research policy, and it is my sincere hope that my country will stay in this blessed state as long as the sea level allows us to exist' (De Zeeuw, 1985). While this statement is fairly indicative of the allergy of Dutch scientists to anything like a dictated policy, nevertheless, national science policy is determined by a number of bodies, subject to government approval (OECD, 1965): 1.

Nevertheless, the farm lobby is still very effective, and has been able to prevent disproportionate reductions in the agricultural budget (Van de Zaag, 1985). In the MAF, a special department is concerned with research and extension, and one of its subdivisions is responsible for co-ordination. THE NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH (NRLO) The Council is an independent advisory body, based on voluntary participation by MAF, the Veterinary Institute of the National University, TNO and farmers' organisations.

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