By George A. Collier, Elizabeth Lowery Quaratiello
¡Hoy decimos basta! this day we are saying, sufficient!
On January 1, 1994, within the impoverished country of Chiapas in southern Mexico, the Zapatista uprising shot into the foreign highlight. during this absolutely revised 3rd variation in their vintage research of the rebellion’s roots, George Collier and Elizabeth Lowery Quaratiello paint a bright photograph of the ancient fight for land confronted via the Maya Indians, who're between Mexico’s poorest humans. analyzing the jobs performed by way of Catholic and Protestant clergy, innovative and peasant routine, the oil increase and the debt main issue, NAFTA and the loose exchange period, and eventually the becoming international justice circulate, the authors offer a wealthy context for knowing the rebellion and the following heritage of the Zapatistas and rural Chiapas, as much as the current day.
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Extra resources for Basta!: Land And The Zapatista Rebellion In Chiapas
3 J With 3 percent of the nation's population, C&iapas produced an astounding 13 percent of the country's corn and 54 percent of Mexico's l u- � \T C H I A PA S A N D M E X I C O 17 65 . 100% i 0 . 40% 40 . ::. :.. ' -------·-"'"'""' FIGURE I. I ''A RICH LAND, A POOR PEOPLE. " Chiapas produces much of Mexico's hydroelectric power, yet many areas populated by indigenous people remain without electricity or othet· basic services. hydroelectric power. It also produced 5 percent of the country's tim ber, 4 percent of its beans, 13 percent of its gas, and 4 percent of its oil.
A G RA R I A N R E F O RM 3 3 FIGURE 1 . 3 AGRARIAN REFORM I N CHIAPAS . Most land redistdbuted by 1950 dates from the 1934-1940 presidency of L1zaro Cardenas. By 1975, agrarian reform had spread into eastern Chiapas. Large private landholdit•gs remain primarily in western Chiapas where cattle mnching and commercial farming prevail. :,up. At the same time, peasants' income from crop sales financed their consumption of manufactured goods, securing a domestic market for the new industries.
Baroque churches stand over Indian markets, and some neighborhoods continue to produce the same goods they manufactured for the Spanish crown. en4t:,9�7. Jrom Spain in 1821, Chiap<\s. a� t;,[�tio� o(duateinaL:J,,)�twhen. Chiap,�s b�came part of Mex;ico,j,n �82,4, Ciudad Real was renamed San Cristobal de las Casas in honor of the bishop. The city's modern Hotel de Mazariegos, which became a head quarters for journalists following the rebellion, is named after the city's 1528 founder, conquistador Diego de Mazariegos.