By George J. Sanchez
Twentieth-century la has been the locus of 1 of the main profound and complicated interactions among variation cultures in American historical past. but this research is one of the first to envision the connection among ethnicity and id one of the biggest immigrant staff to that urban. by way of concentrating on Mexican immigrants to la from 1900 to 1945, George J. Sánchez explores the method wherein transitority sojourners altered their orientation to that of everlasting citizens, thereby laying the root for a brand new Mexican-American tradition. interpreting not just formal courses geared toward those novices via the U.S. and Mexico, but in addition the area created via those immigrants via family members networks, non secular perform, musical leisure, and paintings and intake styles, Sánchez uncovers the inventive methods Mexicans tailored their tradition to existence within the usa. whilst a proper repatriation crusade driven millions to come to Mexico, these ultimate in la introduced new campaigns to realize civil rights as ethnic americans via exertions unions and New Deal politics. The immigrant iteration, for that reason, laid the foundation for the rising Mexican-American id in their children.
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Twentieth-century la has been the locus of 1 of the main profound and complicated interactions among version cultures in American heritage. but this examine is without doubt one of the first to envision the connection among ethnicity and identification one of the biggest immigrant team to that urban. by way of concentrating on Mexican immigrants to l. a. from 1900 to 1945, George J.
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Additional resources for Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945
And there, dear countrymen, was much that I endured. —From the corrido, "El Deportado" (ca. 1930)3 This page intentionally left blank C H A P T E R 1 Farewell Homeland Carlos Almazan was born into a world on the brink of monumental change. The occasion of his birth around 1890 was undoubtedly celebrated throughout the estate near Zamora, Michoacan, where the Almazan family had resided for as long as anyone could remember. Neighbors congratulated his parents for having another strong boy, one that would, as he grew older, certainly improve the family's economic situation.
Meanwhile, Mexicans rapidly replaced the Japanese as the major component of the agricultural labor force. Although certainly paid less than Anglo Americans, a Mexican worker could earn a wage in any of these three industries far above the 12 cents a day paid on several of the rural haciendas of central Mexico. 00 per day. 6 Employers began to look longingly toward Mexico as a source of labor for their steadily increasing needs. Not surprisingly, immigration restrictions directed against Mexicans were at first consistently deferred under pressure by southwestern employers and then, when finally enacted, were mostly ignored by officials at the border.
The structure of authority in the village, the rise of Mexican nationalism, and the adaptations in familial customs in this period all played a role in defining the outlook of Mexican immigrants. Finally, this chapter will explore the very decision to migrate itself, one which was clearly driven by economic considerations but also culturally conditioned. This examination will stress that the culture Mexican migrants brought with them, rather than being a product of a stagnant "traditional" society, was instead a vibrant, rather complicated amalgamation of rural and urban mores, developed in Mexican villages during half a century of changing cultural practices.