By Robert Forczyk
Not able to behavior flooring operations at the ecu continent until eventually Allied energy was once marshalled for a full-scale invasion, the British govt established its grand approach in global battle II on a chronic crusade of aerial bombardment of Nazi Germany's towns with a view to convey the 3rd Reich to its knees. on the center of this procedure have been the rising applied sciences of the heavy bomber, mixed with night-navigation and precision-bombing concepts. The RAF brought the massive four-engined Avro Lancaster in 1942 and used it to spearhead this aerial offensive. In reaction, the Luftwaffe created an elite nightfighter strength dependent basically upon the Bf a hundred and ten to counter the RAF bombers. even supposing the Bf one hundred ten had failed miserably as an afternoon fighter over England in 1940, it stumbled on its area of interest as a nightfighter. The Luftwaffe was once fast to equip it with airborne radar that allowed it to intercept and ruin Lancasters over Germany. In flip, the RAF followed countermeasures akin to the Monica rearward-looking radar to alert Lancaster crews to the technique of nightfighters. The Lancaster heavy bomber used to be outfitted with rear and dorsal turrets that gave it a few probability to force off nightfighters utilising the traditional tactic of attacking from above and behind.
In might 1943, although, the Luftwaffe all at once constructed a unique technical and tactical method of attacking RAF bombers - the Schräge Musik weapon process, which fixed upward-firing 20mm cannons in a Bf a hundred and ten nightfighter. the recent tactic proved amazingly winning, and British bombers will be attacked from under without caution. quickly, the Luftwaffe determined to equip a 3rd of its nightfighters with Schräge Musik and commenced to inflict grievous losses upon Lancaster bomber devices within the interval from August 1943 to March 1944. For its half, the RAF did not notice the hot German tactic for 6 the most important months, within which time its Lancaster bombers have been nearly defenceless by contrast new chance. In time, in spite of the fact that, the German benefit of shock used to be misplaced and the RAF constructed countermeasures to accommodate the hot danger. The duel among upgraded Bf 110s and Lancasters within the evening skies over Germany grew to become more and more ruled by way of state-of-the-art expertise, which might confirm the efficacy of strategic bombing.
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Additional info for Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45 (Duel, Volume 51)
Himmelbett was essentially a static zone defence, and even though Bomber Command could not easily bypass it, the grid system could be overwhelmed. Each Freya radar could only prosecute one interception at a time, which was adequate when Bomber Command obliged by sending its bombers through an area a few at a time. Furthermore, German ground controllers could only handle one Bf 110 per Himmelbett zone, which prevented the Nachtjagd from massing its forces. Harris changed the operational and tactical dynamic by introducing a dense bomber stream in May 1942, which channelled all the bombers through a few boxes and packed them into a much tighter formation, thereby overwhelming the handful of fighters in their path with too many targets.
During this period, if not before, instructors would determine if the pilot was best suited for single or multi-engined aircraft, and if selected for service with a Bf 110 unit, the pilot would continue on to a Flugzeugführerschule C after a few months of classroom 1. Direction finder 2. Dead reckoning compass repeater 3. Clock 4. Light switches 5. Compass deviation card 6. Engine ignition switches (x4) 7. Engine starter switches (x4) 8. Stopwatch 9. Airspeed indicator 10. Artificial horizon 11.
Bf 110 Nachtjagd units Le Mans 0 0 Norwich Mildenhall 3 1 Group: RAF Bawtry. 3 Group: RAF Exning. 4 Group: Heslington Hall. 5 Group: RAF Swinderby. 8 Group:Cherbourg Huntingdon. Lancaster bases June 1942: Coningsby, Swinderby, Waddington. June 1942, June 1943, June 1944: Bottesford, Scampton, Syerston, Woodhall Spa. June 1943 and June 1944: Bardney, Binbrook, Dunholme Lodge, East Wretham, Elsham Wolds, Fiskerton, Langan, Ludford Magna, Skellingthorpe, Warboys, Wickenby, Wyton. /NJG 3 1 Dresden Berlin The duel between Lancasters and Bf 110s would be shaped by three strategic trends that began to surface in 1942.