By Stephen Schlesinger, Stephen Kinzer
Bitter Fruit is a accomplished and insightful account of the CIA operation to overthrow the democratically elected executive of Jacobo Arbenz of Guatemala in 1954. First released in 1982, this ebook has develop into a vintage, a textbook case of the connection among the U.S. and the 3rd global. The authors make broad use of U.S. executive files and interviews with former CIA and different officers. it's a caution of what occurs while the U.S. abuses its strength.
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Extra resources for Bitter Fruit: The Story of the American Coup in Guatemala, Edition: Revised
The schoolteachers and other opponents of Ponce began searching for a suitable candidate to run against him. Many aspirants came forth, but the teachers were hunting for someone unique, someone not stained by the politics of the past who could unify an awakened Guatemalan people against dictatorship. The revolutionaries found their ideal candidate in Dr. Juan Jose Arevalo Bermejo, himself a teacher, who had been living in exile for the past fourteen years in Argentina as a professor of philosophy at the University of Tucuman.
Arevalo's achievement was less to alter the social structure in any fundamental way than to consolidate democracy in Guatemala. Yet Arevalo was assailed almost from the first day he took office by pillars of the old order who feared for their place in society. In May 1946, barely a year after he became President, Arevalo was forced to defend himself in this fashion: You have heard the accusations of our common enemies. You have heard and seen the indefatigable campaign of your enemies, my enemies.
His wealthy supporters expected him to suppress dissent and prevent social change. He fulfilled this 28 BITTER FRUIT expectation with ruthless gusto. In the pattern of his predecessors, he routinely used his army to intimidate poor Guatemalans and solidify his power. He massacred rebellious Indians, killed labor leaders and intellectuals and enriched his friends. 3 Now the autocracy was crumbling. A few days after the massive demonstration in Guatemala City, 311 teachers, lawyers, doctors, small businessmen and other citizens handed Ubico a petition of protest.