Broadband Optical Access Networks by Leonid G. Kazovsky, Ning Cheng, Wei-Tao Shaw, David

By Leonid G. Kazovsky, Ning Cheng, Wei-Tao Shaw, David Gutierrez, Shing-Wa Wong

Broadband optical entry community is a perfect approach to alleviate the first/last mile bottleneck of present web infrastructures. Richly illustrated all through to assist make clear very important issues, Broadband Optical entry Networks covers the architectures, protocols permitting applied sciences of broadband optical entry networks, and all present and destiny competing applied sciences for entry networks. This accomplished paintings offers the evolution of optical entry networks, together with achieve extension, bandwidth enhancement, and discusses the convergence of optical and instant applied sciences for broadband entry, making it a useful reference for researchers, electric engineers, and graduate scholars.

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8, pp. 458–460. 100. J. C. Campbell, F. A. Blum, D. W. Shaw, and K. L. Lawley, 1975, GaAs electro-optic directional coupler switch, Appl. Phys. , vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 202–204. 101. I. P. Kaminow, L. W. Stulz, and E. H. Turner, 1975, Efficient strip-waveguide modulator, Appl. Phys. , vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 555–557. 102. M. Papuchon, Y. Combemale, X. Mathieu, D. B. Ostrowsky, L. Reiber, A. M. Roy, B. Sejourne, and M. Werner, 1975, Electrically switched optical directional coupler: COBRA, Appl. Phys.

Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, p. PD1. 30. S. K. Korotky, G. Eisenstein, A. H. Gnauck, B. L. Kasper, J. J. Veselka, R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, C. A. Burrus, T. C. D. Huo, L. W. Stulz, K. C. Nelson, L. G. Cohen, R. W. Dawson, and J. C. Campbell, 1985, 4 Gb/s transmission experiment over 117 km of optical fiber using a Ti:LiNbO3 external modulator, J. , vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 1027–1031. 31. R. W. Burns, 2004, Communications: An International History of the Formative Years, London, United Kingdom: Institution Electrical Engineers.

Among these were both exotic and more common crystalline materials. Investigated for their electro-optic properties and potential use for optical modulators were materials such as ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP; NH4H2PO4), barium titanate (BaTiO3), cadmium sulfide (CdS), gallium arsenide (GaAs), gallium phosphide (GaP), lithium niobate (LiNbO3), lithium tantalite (LiTaO3), potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP; KH2PO4), quartz (SiO2), and zinc telluride (ZnTe) [62,63]. , not naturally occurring) crystalline dielectric, which is currently the material of choice for high-speed optical modulators, had been established, and by the mid-1960s, techniques for pulling this crystal from the melt had been developed and many of its properties had been extensively studied [64–67].

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