Bronze Age Greek Warrior 1600–1100 BC by Raffaele D'Amato

By Raffaele D'Amato

Osprey's survey of Greek warriors of the interval of the Bronze Age from 1600 to 1100 BC. greater than a century has handed prior seeing that German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann came across the treasures of Bronze Age Mycenae. The richly adorned artifacts of the entombed warriors, whose our bodies nonetheless lay of their graves, proven that Homer's epic The Iliad was once dependent upon precise occasions, and that the Achaeans defined in his poems most likely did exist.

Through a mixed research of the legendary culture, archeological findings, and written assets, this interesting addition to the Warrior sequence explores the evolution of battle within the Bronze Age Greek international. overlaying weaponry, garments, helmets, and physique armor, it offers a richly illustrated consultant to the soldiers who've shone from the pages of Homer's poem for nearly 3 millennia.

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The high neck guard on this armour is an especially interesting feature in light of the fact that the 'favourite' killing stroke with the longer Type C and D swords depicted in the iconographic record is precisely to this area of the body. Of course this does not imply that armour was designed specifically for this purpose, but it certainly functioned to limit the range of attacks to which the long Achaean swords were suited in a battlefield context. Possible evidence that the armour was used when fighting on foot is the presence of a metal ring, measuring 12mm in diameter, attached to the middle of the right shoulder guard at its highest point, probably to hold the strap for either a sword or a shield.

The examples of swords, scabbards and daggers are from Mycenae, Knossos, Dendra and Argos. Note the two cutaway images of typical tower and figure-of-eight shields. These types of shield were most likely made of several layers of hide, probably placed on a wicker structure; bronze, tin or wood reinforcements could have been also placed on their external surface. Under the warrior are three different specimens of bronze spears, one each from Mycenae, Crete and Vaphio in Laconia. In the lower-right corner is an exploded view of the warrior's armour, with the alternative shoulder guard found in Tomb 8 at Dendra.

A similar piece of armour seems to be represented in the Hittite clay fragment from Bogazkoy (1350 bc). In this image the warrior is armed with a sword with a crystal pommel and is equipped with a decorated and embossed breastplate, the latter of which recalls those found in the royal shaft graves in Mycenae. In these graves a thick piece of cloth made of 14 layers of linen has been found; it is probably the remains of a protective non-metallic corselet or kiton. The utilization of a non-metallic corselet is also described in the Iliad.

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