Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany by Robert Clarke, Mark Merlin

By Robert Clarke, Mark Merlin

Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany is a accomplished, interdisciplinary exploration of the ordinary origins and early evolution of this well-known plant, highlighting its ancient function within the improvement of human societies. Cannabis has lengthy been prized for the robust and sturdy fiber in its stalks, its fit to be eaten and oil-rich seeds, and the psychoactive and medicinal compounds produced by means of its girl vegetation. The culturally important and infrequently irreplaceable items derived from cannabis deeply encouraged the economic, scientific, ritual, and spiritual practices of cultures during the a long time, and human wish for those commodities directed the evolution of the plant towards its modern forms. As curiosity in cannabis grows and public debate over its many makes use of rises, this publication can assist us comprehend why humanity maintains to depend on this plant and adapts it to fit our wishes.

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The native Algonquin word for these mixtures and blends was kinnikinnick. This term should not be confused with the bearberry plant, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, which was also smoked for various reasons and referred to at times as kinnikinnick. ), served as adulterants that diluted tobacco or gave it a more refined taste. Many of today’s commercially available cigarettes are flavored with Mentha species (mints), giving them a strong menthol taste. Other flavoring agents include licorice (from Glycyrrhiza glabra), camphor (from various sources), and the fruits of prunes and peaches (Prunus spp; Lewis and ElvinLewis 2003).

The gum from the tree was used in churches in Paris as frankincense (Lescarbot 1609). Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D. Don) Lindl. (Pinaceae). Abies balsamea grand fir. The Nitinaht of British Columbia, Canada, burned the boughs of this species in their fires and inhaled the smoke to prevent general sickness (Turner et al. 1983). ) Nutt. (Pinaceae). Rocky Mountain fir. The Crow, who inhabited parts of Montana and Wyoming, burned the twigs and leaves of this species for incense purposes (Uphof 1968) and during certain ceremonies (Blankinship 1905).

Higher CO2 levels could potentially increase the species’ population biomass and promote the production of a more allergenic form of urushiol (Mohan et al. 2006). This is just one more of the many incentives for reducing CO2 emissions. 26 Uses and Abuses of Plant-Derived Smoke Another interesting source of harmful smoke agents is the chili pepper, Capsicum annuum. The Jívaro of eastern Ecuador burned and administered chili pepper fruits in a way that would generally be considered an excessive form of punishment to children.

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