Carbon Inventory Methods: Handbook for Greenhouse Gas by N.H. Ravindranath

By N.H. Ravindranath

Carbon stock equipment instruction manual fills the necessity for a guide that gives guidance and techniques required for carbon stock. It offers distinctive step by step details on sampling techniques, box and laboratory measurements, software of distant sensing and GIS suggestions, modeling, and calculation methods besides resources of knowledge for carbon stock. The e-book is pushed by means of a growing to be desire for ‘carbon stock’ for land use sections comparable to forests.

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Extra info for Carbon Inventory Methods: Handbook for Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Carbon Mitigation and Roundwood Production Projects (Advances in Global Change Research)

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Deforestation leading to degradation of forest land with no land-use change or land conversion, may require monitoring of only above-ground biomass if commercial harvesting is practiced, leading to removal of all standing trees. Litter and deadwood may have to be monitored if these pools are removed or burnt. Soil carbon is unlikely to be impacted if land-use remains unchanged or topsoil remains undisturbed. (ii) Afforestation and reforestation, including bioenergy plantations The key carbon pools likely to be impacted because of afforestation and reforestation are above-ground biomass, below-ground biomass and soil carbon.

GEF mechanism aims at providing incremental global environmental benefits in the form of enhancement of carbon stocks in lands due to project activities. 4 Illustrative list of approved GEF projects requiring carbon inventory Number Project type Country Carbon pools Benin Above-ground OP 12 Programme for the Management of Forests and Adjacent Lands biomass and soil OP 15 The Middle Atlas Forest Restoration Project Morocco Above-ground biomass and soil Ecosystem Restoration of Riparian Forests in Sao Paulo Sustainable Land Management for Mitigating Land Degradation, Enhancing Agricultural Biodiversity and Reducing Poverty Brazil Above-ground biomass and soil Above-ground biomass and soil Integrated Land-use Management to Combat Land Degradation and Deforestation in Madhya Pradesh India Forest Protection and Reforestation Kazakhstan Above-ground biomass Programme Partnership for Sustainable Forestland Management: Phase 1 Vietnam Above-ground biomass Ghana Above-ground biomass and soil Estimation of “incremental” carbon benefit, although it may appear similar to that of “additionality” under CDM, is not governed by any approved methodologies.

3. 4 Carbon Inventory for Projects Under the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Addressing climate change concerns and, to some extent, prevention of land degradation under GEF involves increasing carbon sinks and reducing CO2 emissions. Among a number of operational programmes, the two that are relevant to carbon inventory are operational programme 12 on integrated ecosystem management and operational programme 15 on sustainable land management. Projects under these two programmes are likely to lead to conservation or enhancement of carbon sinks – through reduction or prevention of conversion of forests and grassland, felling of trees and disturbance of soil, promotion of sustainable extraction of biomass, revegetation of degraded lands, and enhancement of carbon stocks in vegetation and soils of forests, grasslands and croplands – and therefore require carbon inventory.

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