Merely via inhabiting Dao (the method of Nature) and living in its harmony can humankind in attaining actual happiness and freedom, in either existence and dying. this is often Daoist philosophy's critical guideline, espoused through the person—or crew of people—known as Zhuangzi (369?-286? B.C.E.) in a textual content by way of a similar identify. To be loose, members needs to discard inflexible differences among solid and undesirable, correct and fallacious, and stick with a plan of action now not prompted through achieve or striving. while one ceases to pass judgement on occasions pretty much as good or undesirable, man-made ache disappears and typical soreness is embraced as a part of life.
Zhuangzi elucidates this mystical philosophy via humor, parable, and anecdote, deploying non sequitur or even nonsense to light up a fact past the bounds of normal common sense. Boldly ingenious and inventively worded, the Zhuangzi floats freed from its historic interval and society, addressing the religious nourishment of each person throughout time. essentially the most justly celebrated texts of the chinese language culture, the Zhuangzi is learn via hundreds of thousands of English-language students every year, but merely within the Wade-Giles romanization. Burton Watson's pinyin romanization brings the textual content in keeping with how chinese language students, and more and more different students, learn it.