By Brian Breed, Cynthia Damon, Andreola Rossi
Civil wars, greater than different wars, sear themselves into the reminiscence of societies who are suffering them. this can be fairly real at Rome, the place in a interval of one hundred fifty years the Romans fought 4 epochal wars opposed to themselves. the current quantity brings jointly fascinating new views at the topic by means of a world team of special individuals. the foundation of the research is vast, encompassing literary texts, documentary texts, and fabric tradition, spanning the Greek and Roman worlds. realization is dedicated not just to Rome's 4 significant conflicts from the interval among the 80s BC and advert sixty nine, however the body extends to interact conflicts either past and lots more and plenty later, in addition to post-classical structures of the subject matter of civil struggle at Rome. Divided into 4 sections, the 1st ("Beginnings, Endings") addresses the elemental questions of whilst civil struggle begun in Rome and while it ended. "Cycles" is anxious with civil conflict as a recurrent phenomenon eternally. "Aftermath" specializes in makes an attempt to place civil conflict some time past, or, conversely, to assert the legacy of previous civil wars, for higher or worse. ultimately, the part "Afterlife" presents perspectives of Rome's civil wars from extra far away views, from these present in Augustan lyric and elegy to these in a lot later post-classical literary responses. As a complete, the gathering sheds new mild at the ways that the Roman civil wars have been perceived, skilled, and represented throughout a number of media and old periods.
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Extra info for Citizens of Discord: Rome and Its Civil Wars
Momigliano 1942: 120. ” part i Beginnings, Endings This page intentionally left blank 1 The Two-Headed State: How Romans Explained Civil War T. P. Wiseman Quo, quo scelesti ruitis? In Horace’s haunting poem (Epode 7), the speaker challenges the Roman people to explain why yet again—for the seventh time in twenty years—they are preparing to kill each other in a civil war. Pallid and numb, they do not reply, but the poet thinks he knows the answer. ”1 But in that case, why was the crime so long unpunished?
Gracchum idem Gaium fratrem eius occupavit furor. 6. , Cic. Catil. 3, Planc. 88, Tusc. 51, Brut. 103, 212, Off. 109, Phil. 13. 7. Sen. Suas. 14: infestissimus famae Ciceronis; cf. 24 for his malignitas. 8. Cic. Brut. 103: propter turbulentissimum tribunatum . . ab ipsa re publica est interfectus; spelled out more crudely by V. Max.
For the Romans, civil war was a recent and anomalous phenomenon, not something they had had to live with since the foundation. Other more down-to-earth explanations had already been offered, by Romans who were perhaps better placed than the freedman’s son from Venusia to make a judgment, and the purpose of this chapter is to draw attention to them and try to see what they imply. I deliberately concentrate on contemporary sources, numbering the quoted texts for convenience of cross-reference. I My title is taken from the most systematically misunderstood author in the whole of Latin literature—the soldier and senator, poet and satirist, philosopher and historian Marcus Varro.