By Lisa J. LeCount, Jason Yaeger
The individuals to this quantity chart the increase and fall of the vintage Maya middle of Xunantunich, paying targeted recognition to its altering relationships with the groups that comprised its hinterlands. They research how the altering relationships among Xunantunich and the bigger state of Naranjo affected the neighborhood inhabitants, the site in their farms and homes, and the variety of monetary and subsistence actions during which either elites and commoners engaged. in addition they learn the methods universal humans seized possibilities and met demanding situations provided through a altering political landscape.
The wealthy archaeological information during this ebook express that incorporating topic groups and people—and retaining them incorporated—was an on-going problem to historical Maya rulers. previously, archaeologists have lacked built-in nearby info and a fine-grained chronology within which to rfile non permanent shifts in website occupations, subsistence concepts, and different very important practices of the everyday life of the Maya. This publication offers a revised photo of Maya politics—one of other methods of governing and alliance formation between dominant facilities, provincial polities, and hinterland communities.
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Additional info for Classic Maya Provincial Politics: Xunantunich and Its Hinterlands
Life in the field would not have been as comfortable and convivial as it was if not for our great support staff and our comfortable camp. We want to thank Margaret and Rudy Juan for their hospitality and unceasing helpfulness as they solved many problems on our home front. Mike Artemieff was there for us each year, working to maintain trucks, food, and supplies. Within Belize, the greatest thanks must go to all our workers, many of whom were from the villages of San José Succotz and Benque Viejo.
We follow the lead of Edward Salmon (1982:28; also Doyle 1986), who draws a distinction between independent and dependent allies in his study of the early Rome state. Etruscan leaders formed a religious league of twelve independent allied city-states that normalized relations through the exchange of marriage partners, gifts or trade items, and manpower. As independent allies, these city-states could form temporary confederations to effect the removal of adjacent enemies too large to be defeated by any one of the partners (also D’Altroy 1992:23).
1). According to these models, highly centralized states should display a high degree of social and political differentiation, with different groups and institutions tightly integrated into an overarching hierarchical structure. In contrast, decentralized models characterize Maya states as having a high degree of structural redundancy that resulted in dispersed power relations. Although political authority is concentrated at centers, nobles from minor centers compete with their sovereigns for authority.