By Ming-ko Woo (auth.), Ming-ko Woo (eds.)
This ebook provides decade-long advances in atmospheric study within the Mackenzie River Basin in northern Canada, which encompasses environments consultant of so much chilly parts on the earth. Collaborative efforts by means of a staff of approximately a hundred scientists and engineers have yielded wisdom fullyyt transferable to different excessive range areas in the United States, Europe and Asia. Emphases are put on the research of tactics (including hurricane genesis, precipitation, moisture and effort fluxes and frost), and the development and alertness of a set of types and distant sensing to augment the review of weather variability and water assets. This e-book enhances the 1st quantity coming from the GEWEX undertaking, facing the region's atmospheric dynamics. jointly those books supply a different synthesis of atmospheric and hydrological findings and an integrative strategy throughout disciplines in addressing significant study problems with chilly regions.
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Additional info for Cold Region Atmospheric and Hydrologic Studies. The Mackenzie GEWEX Experience: Volume 2: Hydrologic Processes
2001). The results also showed large differences between tundra and boreal forest sites. The tundra landscape converts more than 80% of the net radiation to non-turbulent fluxes (primarily for snow melt and warming of the soil), whereas over the forested region, more than 50% was utilized in latent and sensible heat fluxes. 3 Frozen Ground The entire MRB experiences winter freezing so that all locations in the Basin are subject to the influence of seasonal frost. Furthermore, permafrost underlies about two-thirds of the Basin.
This may be related to water throughflow characteristics of the two lakes, with a considerably larger quantity of river discharge into and out of Great Slave Lake. The Canadian Lake Ice Model gives a reasonably accurate representation of the ice cover phenology on northern lakes (Duguay et al. 2003). For the MRB, model results indicate a decrease in the length of the ice cover period in the latter part of the 20 th century (Duguay et al. 2003). MAGS Hydrologic Process Research 31 Blanken et al.
An example is from the Trail Valley Creek basin where the accumulation and melt in the tundra environment were successfully simulated (Marsh et al. 2007; Pohl and Marsh 2006). On the site scale, Shook and Gray (1996) applied the log-normal density function to characterize the distribution of SWE, and examined the change in the parameters during melt. Faria et al. (2000) simulated the snow cover area depletion for boreal forests as a function of the distribution of SWE and the covariance between SWE and melt rate (Pomeroy et al.