By O. Allix, F. Hild
Created in 1975, LMT-Cachan is a joint laboratory École Normale Superieure de Cachan, Pierre & Marie Curie (Paris 6) University and the French examine Council CNRS (Department of Engineering Sciences).
The yr 2000 marked the twenty fifth anniversary of LMT. in this get together, a chain of lectures was once geared up in Cachan in September-October, 2000. This booklet comprises peer-reviewed lawsuits of those lectures and is aimed to offer engineers and scientists with an outline of the newest advancements within the box of wear and tear mechanics. The formula of wear and tear types and their identity strategies have been mentioned for a number of materials.
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When the RVE exists or when the material within a finite element is statistically homogeneous. e. that a volume is large enough that the effective parameter does not depend on the locations of microcracks and at same time small enough that the macroscopic stress can be considered to be uniform), the morphology of all microcracks within the RVE is known. The second assumption is at best questionable even at a generously coarse resolution length. Even a superficial glance at a concrete beam or an investigation of microscopic data testify to the irregular morphology of damage.