Cybernetics and Development, Edition: 1st Ed by Michael J. Apter, and G. A. Kerkut (Auth.)

By Michael J. Apter, and G. A. Kerkut (Auth.)

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The transactions of the meetings in 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, and 1953 (Ed. ), have been published by the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, New York, in 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, and 1955 respectively. 10. ASHBY, W. Ross, An Introduction to Cybernetics, Chapman & Hall, London, 1956. 11. BEER, STAFFORD, Cybernetics and Management, English University Press, London, 1959. 12. GEORGE, F. , Automation, Cybernetics and Society, Leonard Hill, London, 1959. 13. GEORGE, F. , The Brain as a Computer, Pergamon Press, London, 1961.

Automation, Cybernetics and Society, Leonard Hill, London, 1959, p. 89. 56. STAHL, W. , and GOHEEN, H. , Molecular algorithms, / . Theoret. Biol. 5 (2) (September 1963) 266-87. 57. , The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Hutchinson, London, 1959. 58. VON NEUMANN, JOHN, The general and logical theory of automata, in Cerebral Mechanisms in Behaviour, the Hixon Symposium (Ed. L. A. JEFFRESS), John Wiley, New York, 1951. 59. , Computing machinery and intelligence, Mind, 59 (1950) 433-60. 60. STAHL, W.

Similarly, Gustafson and Wolpert have said: "While there has been much effort in tracing the biochemical patterns during development—for example, the time and location of protein and nucleic acid synthesis—nothing like the same attention has been given to the causal analysis of the forces which bring about the formation of cellular patterns, or how molecular processes 36 operate in moulding the shape of an embryo. < > One could add to this that the study of physical mechanisms alone is also unlikely to explain pattern formation unless one can explain how differences arise between cells in the first place.

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