Diodorus Siculus and the World of the Late Roman Republic by Charles Muntz

By Charles Muntz

In Diodorus Siculus and the area of the overdue Roman Republic, Charles E. Muntz bargains a clean examine the most ignored historians of the traditional global, and recovers Diodorus's originality and significance as a witness to a profoundly tumultuous interval in antiquity. Muntz analyzes the 1st 3 books of Diodorus's Bibliotheke historike, essentially the most various and eclectic fabric in his paintings, within which Diodorus finds in the course of the historical past, myths, and customs of the "barbarians" the secrets and techniques of profitable states and rulers, and contributes to the debates surrounding the transition from Republic to Empire. Muntz establishes simply how associated the "barbarians" of the Bibliotheke are to the actors of the crumbling Republic, and demonstrates that throughout the medium of the traditional Egyptians, Assyrians, Indians, and others Diodorus engages with the foremost matters and highbrow disputes of his time, together with the origins of civilization, the propriety of ruler-cult, some great benefits of monarchy, and the connection among fable and historical past. Diodorus has many similarities with different authors writing on those themes, together with Cicero, Lucretius, Varro, Sallust, and Livy yet, as Muntz argues, attractive with such arguable concerns, even ultimately, will be specifically harmful for a Greek provincial resembling Diodorus. certainly, for those purposes he may perhaps by no means have accomplished or absolutely released the Bibliotheke in his lifetime. via his cautious and specified investigations, Muntz demonstrates Diodorus's old context at its complete dimension and scope.

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52 Such scholarship has a tendency to become circular. 1. Since the source of Diodorus 11 was believed to be the fourth-​century historian Ephorus of Cyme, POxy 1610 was labeled as a fragment of Ephorus. It was then used to argue that Diodorus had copied Ephorus extensively.  Murray (1975) 215. 51. v. Diodoros [38], 663–​704.  Hecataeus of Abdera (FGrH 264) F25 is perhaps the most notable example of this, consisting of almost the entirety of the first book of Diodorus.  Green (2006) 26–​27. ”55 Perhaps not surprisingly, a side effect of this scholarship was contempt for Diodorus himself.

2). 2). 4). 23. 35–​36 in conjunction with the 34 34 Diodorus Siculus boundary between Ethiopia and Libya. 3–​4 Diodorus notes that the strength of the sun generates the greatest variety of animals, and he cites the crocodiles and hippopotami of Egypt, the reptiles of Ethiopia and Libya, and the elephants of India as examples. All either have been or will be described elsewhere in Books 1–​3. 1–​4 in describing Arabia Diodorus explains that it is because of the warmth of the sun that the race of birds began to fly, and that this also accounts for their many colors.

For example, in describing cities founded by Babylonian captives of the Egyptian King Sesoösis, Diodorus remarks that Ctesias preserves an alternate account in which the cities were founded by followers of the Assyrian queen Semiramis when she came through Egypt. 1, although Diodorus here makes no mention of her people settling in Egypt, presumably to avoid the potential doublet. Other references of this nature are more oblique. 2 Diodorus briefly mentions bandits who infest both Arabia and Libya.

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