By Glenn J. Ames, Ronald S. Love
Utilizing modern bills of India, China, Siam and the Levant, this learn presents wealthy element approximately those unique lands and explores the priorities that formed and prompted those daring envoys and chroniclers. Ames and Love provide a desirable examine the symbiotic nature of cross-cultural interplay among France and the most important buying and selling areas of the Indian Ocean basin in the course of the seventeenth century. in this interval of excessive French curiosity within the wealthy exchange and cultures of the area, Louis XIV and his minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert specifically have been curious about encouraging French tourists, either clerical and lay, to discover and record those lands. one of the money owed incorporated listed here are these of François Bernier, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, and François Pyrard.
Because those debts replicate as a lot concerning the constructions and priorities of France as they do concerning the cultures they describe, Ames and Love desire their research bridges the distance among experiences on early smooth France and people at the significant Asiatic international locations of an identical interval. Their findings problem the present considering within the research of early smooth France by way of demonstrating that abroad growth to Asia was once of substantial value and curiosity to all segments of French society. experts in conventional inner French heritage will locate a lot during this examine of eu growth to enrich and complement their research.
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80. , p. 83. 81. , p. 83. 82. Overt anti-Semitism was a common theme in early modern travel literature of the Middle East. For a brief discussion, see the introduction to Parker, pp. 23–25. 83. Thévenot, p. 51. 84. , p. 53. 85. , Arthur Denner (Ithaca: 1993), p. 2. 86. Thévenot, p. 59. 87. During his visit in the capital, Thévenot outlined that there had been three Grand Viziers, three Muftis (religious judges), and three different Captain Pashas (military commanders), all of whom were executed while in office.
Thévenot seemed to challenge his readers that this same sense of generosity, especially to those of divergent faiths, was noticeably lacking in Europe. He also praised, with astonishment, the Turks’ kindness to animals. 69 He wondered at the sight of well-dressed men building a protective wall of stones around a pregnant stray dog in the street. Even the method for dispatching a chicken was designed to be quick and painless, and he claimed that the Turks would never endure the manner employed by French butchers.
When Barthélemi d’Herbelot’s Bibliotheque orientale, ou dictionnaire universel, contenant généralement tout ce qui regarde la connoissance des peuples de l’Orient was posthumously published in 1697, it immediately became one of the early landmark European studies on the Arab world. (Bernard Lewis, The Muslim Discovery of Europe (New York: 1982), p. ) 32. “Many have written at large, how the Grand Signior spends his time in the Serraglio, his daily exercise, his way of eating and drinking, bed and the like, which is very hard to be known, there being no witnesses but eunuches, who never come out of the Serraglio, and some Itchoglans: For my part, I know none of these particulars .