By Stefan Schnitzer, Frans Bongers, Robyn J. Burnham, Francis E. Putz
Lianas are woody vines that have been the point of interest of excessive examine through early ecologists, similar to Darwin, who committed a complete e-book to the average historical past of hiking plants. during the last area century, there was a resurgence within the examine of lianas, and liana are back well-known as very important elements of many forests, fairly within the tropics. The expanding volume of study on lianas has led to a essentially deeper knowing of liana ecology, evolution, and life-history, in addition to the myriad roles lianas play in woodland dynamics and functioning.
This booklet presents perception into the ecology and evolution of lianas, their anatomy, body structure, and common historical past, their international abundance and distribution, and their wide-ranging results at the myriad organisms that inhabit tropical and temperate forests.
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Additional resources for Ecology of Lianas
This species is currently increasing. Our study provides one of the few large-scale, long-term datasets from Africa. To understand the diversity and dynamics of African liana communities, we urgently require more research focused on the region, including detailed descriptions of the species present and monitoring their changes in density and biomass over time. IN T R ODUC T I O N A century and a half ago, Charles Darwin wrote a book on climbers because he was intrigued by this spectacular and unique growth form (Darwin 1865).
Ex Oliv. Don) Pichon Leptoderris ledermannii Harms Dioclea sp. 5 Diversity indices for lianas and three size classes of trees (minimum dbh in cm) from 18 hectares of forest in Korup National Park. Comparison to values from Ituri (DR Congo) provided, when known, in column 6 (Ewango 2010a). Ituri data comes from two non-contiguous 10-ha plots (500 m apart). The Shannon-Wiener exponential eH’ is the effective species number calculated considering frequency values (see Jost 2006, 2007). 9 20 15008 2 195 animals in the Salonga National Park, DR Congo is even higher (84%, Beaune et al.
Edoro 1 and Edoro 2 are each 10-ha plots, 500 m apart. The NMDS uses stem abundances (square root transformation) of liana species per one-ha plot (only fully determined species, no combined genera or families, 197 species in 2007, 194 species in 1994). Sericostachys scandens is a wind-dispersed monocarpic semi-woody climber, growing 20–30 m in length and living for 10–20 years, after which massive flowering and fruiting occur and the plants die. It grows rapidly in high light conditions and quickly suppresses other vegetation.