By Anil Jain, Stan Z. Li
With an A–Z structure, this encyclopedia offers easy accessibility to correct details on all points of biometrics. It beneficial properties nearly 250 review entries and 800 definitional entries. each one access incorporates a definition, key phrases, checklist of synonyms, record of comparable entries, illustration(s), purposes, and a bibliography. such a lot entries contain helpful literature references supplying the reader with a portal to extra certain information.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Biometrics (Springer Reference)
Under age 18). In case of building a smart environment, age estimation can also be useful, such as finding elderly people (who may need special cares) in a crowd. 3. Image filtering. Computational age estimation can be useful for online image filtering. In the Internet or online social networks, a huge amount of images and videos are uploaded each day. How to organize the huge data sets is critical for image and video browsing and search. Age could be an important component in organizing the image and video data.
Shrink-wrapped packaged software solutions are available today to enable the use of biometricbased authentication to logon to virtually any consumer and enterprise application, including Microsoft Windows networks, Web sites, Web services, and virtual private networks. Since few applications or operating systems implement native biometric authentication, the role of many such software solutions is to map a successful biometric authentication to the user’s long and complex password, which is then used by the application for logon.
Note that as part of the unbinding process either the PAC security system (see Fig. 2) or the biometric system (or both) may verify the authenticity of the user record, by, for example, checking a digital signature. • The individual is requested to verify that they are the valid owner of the user record, by comparing a live biometric sample with that represented by the template in the user record. • If a successful match occurs, the identifier that was stored in the user record is relayed to the PAC system where the user is authorized, to rights and privileges according to their PAC security system.