By Analysis on Infinite Dimensional Spaces, Ambar Sengupta

This booklet includes the court cases of the precise consultation in honor of Leonard Gross held on the annual Joint arithmetic conferences in New Orleans (LA). The audio system have been experts in quite a few fields, and plenty of have been Professor Gross' former Ph.D. scholars and their descendants. Papers during this quantity current effects from numerous parts of arithmetic. They illustrate purposes of robust rules that originated in Gross' paintings and permeate various fields. subject matters of this identify contain stochastic partial differential equations, white noise research, Brownian movement, Segal-Bargmann research, warmth kernels, and a few functions. the amount might be precious to graduate scholars and researchers. It offers standpoint on present job and on important rules and methods within the themes coated.

**Read or Download Finite and Infinite Dimensional Analysis in Honor of Leonard Gross: Ams Special Session on Infinite Dimensional Spaces, January 12-13, 2001, New Orleans, Louisiana (Contemporary Mathematics) PDF**

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**Extra info for Finite and Infinite Dimensional Analysis in Honor of Leonard Gross: Ams Special Session on Infinite Dimensional Spaces, January 12-13, 2001, New Orleans, Louisiana (Contemporary Mathematics)**

**Example text**

These assumptions limit the number of possible, roughly spherical shell structures, each one containing twelve pentagonal units and a certain number of hexagonal units. To catalog the possible geometries, Caspar and Klug defined a number, T, which corresponds to the number of coat proteins at each corner of a triangular face of the shell. Thus, T = 1 for the shell of the satellite tobacco necrosis virus, and T = 3 for the poliovirus shell. In this virus shell model, the only T numbers allowed are 1, 3, 4, 7, 9, 12, 13, 16, 19, 21, 25, and so on.

One can also imagine the structure as being made up of five proteins gathered at each of the twelve corners, or vertices, of an icosahedron, as is shown in the figure below. In effect, its surface can be thought of as consisting of twelve protein pentagons. Larger shells have additional protein units at the corners of their triangular faces. For example, the poliovirus shell consists of 180 coat proteins, with three proteins in each corner, for a total of nine on each face. This structure can also be pictured as consisting of twelve groups of five proteins each at the twelve vertices of an icosahedron and twenty groups of six proteins each at the center of each of the faces.

In recent years, a small group of mathematicians has pioneered a novel perspective on virus self-assembly— how structural order emerges out of randomness in the microcellular realm. This research suggests that sets of simple rules, which define the way proteins stick together, automatically lead to the kinds of virus structures that biologists observe under their electron microscopes. 3 micrometers in size, viruses have highly regular structures; often they look like mineral crystals with flat faces, distinct angles, and definite edges.