By Raoul Zana, Jiding Xia
Producing a lot curiosity in either educational and medical circles, Gemini Surfactants gathers the main up to date examine in gemini surfactantproduction and demonstrates how their propertiesand functionality can revolutionize the present business software of those surfactants. It surveys the kingdom of unique gemini surfactants, together with nonionic, zwitterionic, fluorinated, and amino-acid-based surfactants.
Gemini Surfactants considers the synthesis, section habit, and rheology of gemini and comparable surfactants and clarifies the adsorption and floor stress habit of gemini surfactants at air–water, oil–water, and solid–water interfaces. The ebook additionally information the physicochemical homes and microstructure of aqueous micellar recommendations of gemini surfactants and describes combined micellization among gemini surfactants and standard surfactants.
Read or Download Gemini Surfactants: Synthesis, Interfacial and Solution-Phase Behavior, and Applications (Surfactant Science) PDF
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Additional resources for Gemini Surfactants: Synthesis, Interfacial and Solution-Phase Behavior, and Applications (Surfactant Science)
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Here, we briefly present a model similar to that of Ref. 31. B. In the lattice model, each water molecule is assigned a spin σ=+1, a hydrocarbon group in the tail has spin σ=−1, and the head group has spin σ=+2 (see Fig. 2). In between the hydrophilic head group and the hydrophobic tail, there is a neutral group of spin σ=0. All of the couplings are ferromagnetic (favoring neighboring spins of the same sign), except for the head-head coupling, which is antiferromagnetic, mimicking headhead repulsion due to screened electrostatics.