By Günter Tiess
The call for for mineral assets (iron ore, cement, etc.) has elevated considerably in recent times, a improvement that are traced again to the commercial progress of seriously populated newly industrializing nations. greater than fifty percentage of the complete global inhabitants is now attracted to an identical assets. this alteration of constitution has brought on huge, immense cost raises on overseas commodity markets. In Europe this procedure can be spotted in shortages of a few mineral assets. nationwide mineral assets guidelines play a decisive position the following, and constructing specified rules is essential to making a mineral assets procedure and making sure a aggressive mining undefined. This ebook discusses the mineral assets rules and techniques of significant mineral assets uploading and exporting international locations, examines the established order of ecu mineral assets coverage and places ahead proposals for the implementation of this sort of coverage for dialogue.
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Additional resources for General and International Mineral Policy: Focus: Europe
The identified needs for Pan-European collaborative research focuses on a sustainable supply of mineral Resources: Summary fi nal report. Research funded by the European Commission, DGXII Environment and Climate Programme. 6 Sustainable mineral resource management resources to the downstream European industries, also taking into account the decoupling of economic growth from adverse environmental impacts. 3 % of their turnover (i. e. € 39 million) on RTD in 2003. However, it should be noted that most RTD in this sector is carried out by independent research Institutes and academia rather than directly through companies.
Table 84: Minerals policy – Global and EU relevant activities between 1950 and 2011 (some selections) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 85: Primary self supply in developed copuntries 1978 – 1980 (in %) (Sources: EC raw material balances [various years], Luxembourg) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 86: Consolidated EC raw materials balances 1980 . . . . . .
76 See above: Location boundness, unequal distribution and exhaustibility of deposits. Cp. also: Hartung, M. (2007): Rohstoffe und Bergbau - Positionen und Perspektiven, Bergbau: Zeitschrift für Rohstoffgewinnung, Energie, Umwelt (Raw materials and mining - positions and perspectives, Journal of Raw Material Extraction, Energy, Environment), pp. 486–490. 77 Cp. , Nötstaller, R. (2000): SAUNER – Sustainability and the Use of Non-renewable 29 Chapter 1 Introduction implies that measures promoting sustainability must not have consequences of competetive distortion.