Global Warming — The Research Challenges: A Report of by Atsunobu Ichikawa (auth.), Atsunobu Ichikawa (eds.)

By Atsunobu Ichikawa (auth.), Atsunobu Ichikawa (eds.)

This booklet provides the most recent result of worldwide warming researches concentrating on eastern and overseas efforts. In 2002, Japan initiated "Global Warming examine projects" lead through the Council for technological know-how and know-how coverage, which goals to harmonize the nationwide examine actions and initiatives. This ebook is the 1st record from the initiative. during this ebook, newest wisdom and destiny study instructions are defined for 4 examine components of the initiative: tracking and strategy learn, projection modelling and weather swap learn, impression and probability evaluate, and reaction rules. Readers can overview the main subject components on international warming and weather switch. They comprise the move of eco-friendly apartment gases within the surroundings, significant result of weather statement, weather prediction made via the "Earth Simulator" supercomputer, estimated affects of weather switch and destiny threats, and mitigation and edition recommendations on weather coverage.

This booklet offers very good fabric for researchers, academics and coverage- and decision-makers and it's also appropriate as a textual content booklet for graduate students.

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Later studies were made to qualitatively evaluate the change in the surface temperature of the Earth due to the increase of the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, but they considered only the radiation energy balance. Both the effect of radiation and that of convection were then considered by Manabe and Wetherald (1967), who successfully established a firm basis for evaluating global warming due to the increase of the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide. Their one-dimensional radiative-convective equilibrium model has been developed into today's coupled atmosphere-ocean models (three-dimensional climate models), which are now fully utilized to project global warming.

There are also 100 sampling points where samples have been taken for analysis. - Carbon dloxIde from 1CIH:OI'8 t iJ In AntaraM:8 --e- Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration al South Pole . ~,.. 4 14 1. IJ I ~~ 1950 2000 Year Figure 7. Variation of CO 2 concentration over the past 250 years. The record before 1953 is from the ice core (Machida, 1990) and that after is from the South Pole observatory. Figure 8 displays the monitoring results from Americans at Mauna Loa by NOAA and Japanese at Minamitorishima, Hateruma Island, and Syowa Station.

Figure 8 displays the monitoring results from Americans at Mauna Loa by NOAA and Japanese at Minamitorishima, Hateruma Island, and Syowa Station. All except for Syowa Station reveal an increase while repeating similar seasonal changes. The data from Syowa Station exhibit very small seasonal variations. The seasonal changes indicate that the concentration is actually greatest in spring. The concentration levels then decrease due to the forest absorption of CO 2 through photosynthetic reaction until the 29 Is Global Warming Really Occurring?

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