By Paul W. Wilderson
John Wentworth, the final royal governor of latest Hampshire, is usually agreed to were an capable, sincere, and forthright chief. Given his powerful own and enterprise ties to the colony, historians and students have lengthy wondered over why, while the yank Revolution got here, Wentworth broke together with his relatives and local land to develop into a loyalist. Paul W. Wilderson explores this question in an attractive and readable narrative of Wentworth's lifestyles and occupation that demanding situations conventional assumptions approximately loyalists. most likely no governor in North the US took extra real curiosity or larger satisfaction in his colony than John Wentworth. His roots have been 5 generations deep in New Hampshire soil. As governor, he used to be deeply bothered through the becoming rift among the colonies and nice Britain. From 1767, while he grew to become governor, to 1775, while he left, Wentworth by no means agreed with colonial guidelines passed down at Whitehall and didn't view himself as a loyalist. Why then did he abandon New Hampshire in help of British authority and imperial rules? to reply to that question, Wilderson analyzes the distinctive connection Wentworth constructed with England via his far-off relative, the Marquis of Rockingham. for the reason that Wentworth had labored heavily with Rockingham, then head of the British executive, to repeal the Stamp Act, he believed compromise with the colonies was once attainable. Blinded to the truth that battle used to be inevitable and the break up among Britain and American irreconcilable, Wilderson argues, Wentworth left New Hampshire in 1775 totally awaiting to come to his fatherland.
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Additional info for Governor John Wentworth and the American Revolution: The English Connection
Colonel Henry B. Margeson of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, generously donated his time to provide access to the collections of the Portsmouth Athenaeum and copies of key documents. Peter Drummey, librarian of the Massachusetts Historical Society, promptly and graciously responded to my request for photocopied material. Robert Calhoon of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro suggested additional sources on loyalists; Brian Cuthbertson, public records archivist of the Public Archives of Nova Scotia, kindly answered questions about material in his book on John Wentworth's life in Nova Scotia.
Hutchinson's situation was like Wentworth's in many ways. His forebears migrated to New England in the 1630s, the same time as Wentworth's, and in fact it is likely their ancestors knew each other. Thomas Hutchinson descended from a line of successful merchants in Massachusetts, just as John Wentworth did in New Hampshire. Other aspects of the two men's backgrounds are remarkably similar. Hutchinson's family before him was actively involved in provincial politics, and they sent young Thomas to Harvard College.
When needed, he obtained additional instructions or permission to disregard instructions for Wentworth; he was able to prevent disputes involving Wentworth from reaching the Privy Council, and he kept the governor apprised of any adverse gossip circulating in England that might be detrimental to his position. From Whitehall to the White Mountains, Benning Wentworth controlled his own political destiny. Through a monopoly of New Hampshire's prime resources, land and timber, he was able not only to enrich his relations but to accumulate a personal fortune large enough to offset any worry about the assembly's willingness to grant him a proper salary each year.