By Alexander Krings
Climbers, reminiscent of lianas and vines, are vital components of tropical forests and maybe the one most vital physiognomic attribute differentiating tropical from temperate forests, happening on approximately 50% of wooded area timber in principal and South the USA. regardless of their frequent dietary and medicinal use, lianas stay poorly understood ecologically.
Tendrillate Climbers bargains accomplished assurance of the entire tendrillate lianas of Costa Rica and many of the tendrillate lianas of valuable the US. This special reference provides
- Excellent keys to households and separate keys to genera and species
- State-of-the-art nomenclature and lists of synonymy while different clinical names were released or used informally
- Each species illustrated through the author’s hand-drawn line art
An beneficial addition to our realizing of tropical forests, the publication deals new details in addition to details introduced jointly from dispersed courses and unpublished lists and experiences. In those occasions of habitat fragmentation and species loss, this information is an important contribution to the organic examine that's thriving in valuable the USA, specifically Costa Rica.
Tendrillate Climbers fills a tremendous hole within the botanical literature. Its excessive point of scholarship and complete insurance will astonish the tropical botanists, forestry scientists, ecologists, biologists, and horticulturalists who will wish it as a reference for his or her persisted paintings in this ignored crew of plants.
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Extra info for Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains
Hist. Pl. 10: 8. 1888. Description. Liana; stems with four phloem arms in cross-section; branchlets sharply hexagonal, angles ribbed, lepidote with scattered trichomes; interpetiolar gland ﬁelds absent; interpetiolar ridge sometimes present. Leaves bi- or trifoliolate; terminal leaﬂet sometimes replaced by a tendril; leaﬂets more or less ovate to suborbicular, to 18 cm long and 15 cm wide, variously pubescent above and below, frequently with plate-shaped glands below scattered in axils of veins; tip acuminate; base truncate to cordate; margins entire.
Vine; stems glabrous to pubescent or tomentose (especially at nodes). Leaves typically 5–7-lobate, ovate to orbicular, glabrous to puberulent above on veins, glabrous below, frequently with small glands below near leaf base; tip acute to acuminate; base cordate; margins denticulate to dentate. Tendrils biﬁd. Staminate ﬂowers in panicles or racemes, axillary; calyx to 5 mm wide; calyx lobes to 1 mm long; corolla greenish-white; corolla lobes ovate to lanceolate, to 3 mm long; anthers in a capitate, horizontal ring.
Leaves pubescent above (frequently scabrous), short tomentose below... C. buraeavii, p. 44. 2. Leaves glabrous above and below... C. granatensis, p. 45. 1. Mature leaves simple, sometimes deeply lobate, but not 3-foliolate 3. Leaves drying blackish; hypanthium about 3 cm wide; fruit frequently at least 4 cm wide... C. macrocalyx, p. 46. 3. 7 cm wide 4. 5 cm long; fruit 3–15-seeded... C. glandulosa, p. 44. 43 44 TENDRILLATE CLIMBERS OF COSTA RICAN MOUNTAINS 4. Corolla of staminate ﬂower frequently to 1 cm long; fruit 2–3-seeded...