Guns, Drugs, and Development in Colombia by Jennifer S. Holmes

By Jennifer S. Holmes

For many years, Colombia has contended with various hugely publicized conflicts, together with the increase of paramilitary teams according to insurgent insurgencies of the Nineteen Sixties, the growth of an unlawful drug that has permeated politics and society because the Seventies, and a faltering financial system within the Nineteen Nineties. An unparalleled research of those struggles, Guns, medicinal drugs, and improvement in Colombia brings jointly major students from a number of fields, mixing formerly unseen quantitative info with old research for an impressively finished review. Culminating in an inspiring plan for peace, in line with 4 Cornerstones of Pacification, this landmark paintings is bound to spur new demands switch during this nook of Latin the United States and beyond.

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26 three Colom b i a n Eco n o m ic H i s to r y Regional Context and Colombian Policies T his chapter examines Colombia’s development relative to those of the six larger economies of Latin America in order to better understand the relationships among illegal drugs, violence, and the economy. This brief overview will help clarify how the Colombian economy differs from the others and perhaps shed light on the causes and economic consequences of violence and the illegal drug trade. , free market policies coupled with directives designed to reduce governmental intervention.

Clausewitz 1976, 480) There are geographic aspects of the country that are strategically important in a conflict: “The physical terrain of many parts of Colombia . . offered numerous opportunities for guerrilla focos. In fact, politically inspired guerrilla bands and ‘independent republics’ of peasantry operated for decades outside the control of the national government before the Cuban revolution. Jungles, mountains, and isolated llanos separated from urban centers by difficult terrain and poor transportation systems were ideal centers of guerrilla operations” (Guevara 1985, 273).

This chapter highlights conditions or policies unique to Colombia that affected its performance relative to its peer economies in the region. Within Latin America, the seven largest economies are those of Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, Colombia, Chile, and Peru. These seven differ in size and development. S. 1), in 1960 there were two distinct groups of countries: the larger economies of Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina, and the smaller economies of Venezuela, Colombia, Chile, and Peru. In the early 1970s, Brazil and Mexico moved to outperform and separate themselves from the rest of the countries.

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