Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America by Elizabeth Dore, Maxine Molyneux

By Elizabeth Dore, Maxine Molyneux

This assortment examines the at the same time influential interactions of gender and the country in Latin the USA from the overdue colonial interval to the tip of the 20th century. finding watershed moments within the tactics of gender building through the prepared strength of the ruling periods and within the tactics wherein gender has conditioned state-making, Hidden Histories of Gender and the kingdom in Latin the US remedies the inability of such concerns in past stories of country formation.
Along those traces, the publication starts off with theoretical chapters by way of the editors, Elizabeth Dore and Maxine Molyneux. Dore opens by means of arguing opposed to the existing view that the 19th century was once marked by way of a steady emancipation of ladies, whereas Molyneux considers how quite a few Latin American nation forms—liberal, corporatist, socialist, neoliberal—have extra lately sought to include ladies into their tasks of social reform and modernization. those essays are via twelve case stories that learn how states have contributed to the normalization of female and male roles and family members. overlaying a powerful breadth not just of old time but additionally of geographical scope, this quantity strikes from Brazil to Costa Rica, from Mexico to Chile, traversing many nations in among. members discover such issues as civic ritual in Bolivia, rape in war-torn Colombia, and the felony building of patriarchy in Argentina. They research the general public legislation of household existence, feminist foyer teams, classification compromise, woman slaves, and ladies in rural households—distinct, salient facets of the state-gender dating in particular international locations at particular historic junctures.
By offering a richly descriptive and theoretically grounded account of the interplay among nation and gender politics in Latin the USA, this quantity contributes to a huge dialog among feminists drawn to the kingdom and political scientists attracted to gender. it is going to be useful to such disciplines as background, sociology, overseas comparative reports, and Latin American studies.

Contributors

. María Eugenia Chaves, Elizabeth Dore, Rebecca Earle, Jo Fisher, Laura Gotkowitz, Donna J. man, Fiona Macaulay, Maxine Molyneux, Eugenia Rodriguez, Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Ann Varley, Mary Kay Vaughan

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When jurists finally turned their attention to drafting new laws and legal codes for postcolonial society, several issues high on their agenda had major implications for gender—including property rights, inheritance rights, and parental authority. ∂Ω In Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, and most other countries, changes to the civil codes released unmarried adults from parental authority and lowered the age of majority. These measures reduced the jurisdiction of male elders within the family and expanded the freedom of adult children, female and male, in personal and financial matters.

Silvia Marina Arrom was the first to use the term corporate patriarchy. The Women of Mexico City, 1790–1857 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985), 76. Patricia J. Williams, ‘‘The Contentiousness of Their Character,’’ The Nation 268, no. 1 (4 January 1999), 10. Her argument is drawn from Ariela Gross, ‘‘Litigating Whiteness,’’ Yale Law Journal 108 (1998): 109–89. Colonial law was based on the Siete Partidas, the Leyes de Toro, and the Council of Trent, which date from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

Liberal reforms to property and family law were not all of a piece. ∏∞ Reform to inheritance law had negative implications for gender parity insofar as it reduced protective measures for women. In contrast, what I call the ‘‘ladinoization of gender’’ in Nicaragua may have benefited indigenous women in that it opened the way for them to acquire rights to property, a way previously blocked by customary practices in Indian communities. Part Five: Secularization of Marriage The second great transformation e√ected by liberal states was the secularization of society.

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