Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (Historical by Leo Schelbert

By Leo Schelbert

Switzerland's unprecedented scenic great thing about valleys, lakes, and mountains, its imperative position on foreign alternate routes, and its global well-known banking approach are only a couple of parts that experience contributed to its upward thrust within the worldwide industry. This particularly small state is actively engaged within the upkeep of peace between countries and on the leading edge of technological examine. along with twenty-six member states, known as cantons, the background of the Swiss Confederation is as wealthy and sundry as its tradition and other people. The old Dictionary of Switzerland gains the nation's multicultural and democratic traditions and associations, its advanced heritage, and its people's involvement in previous and current international affairs. this can be performed via an inventory of abbreviations and acronyms, a chronology, an creation, appendixes, maps, a bibliography, and hundreds of thousands of cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital people, areas, occasions, and associations, in addition to major political, fiscal, social, and cultural points. This informative, concise, and exact reference corrects the various fake impressions of this significant kingdom.

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1950 Switzerland gains membership in Organization of European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). qxd xxxiv • 1951 4/4/07 11:56 AM Page xxxiv CHRONOLOGY Women’s suffrage bill defeated in Parliament. 1952 Citizenship law changed: A woman marrying a man of foreign nationality will now keep her Swiss citizenship; some 30,000 women are reinstated as Swiss citizens. Swiss men’s wives who are of foreign nationality do not automatically become Swiss citizens, but naturalization is made easier. 1956 Atomic agreement negotiated with the United States.

3 percent for car use. Reduction of road traffic seems, however, to be an elusive, if desired, goal. SOCIETY Like other nations, Switzerland has evolved in the second half of the 20th century into a state concerned with social welfare, in part by gradual evolution, in part by swift change. The social safety net has three forms: an obligatory insurance system that includes old age, survivor, disability, unemployment, and health insurance; a large set of private or supplemental insurance options; and a public support system for the unemployed and poor that, except for asylum seekers in the care of the federal government, is managed mainly by the communes and the cantons.

Qxd 4/4/07 11:56 AM Page xxix CHRONOLOGY • xxix ous, leading to denominational parity in matters of the Confederacy; generally only one denomination is to be tolerated in specific cantons. 1721–1784 Struggles occur between aristocratic elites and common people in Glarus (1721), Lausanne (1723), Bern (1749), Livinen (1754), and Fribourg (1781). 1755 Revolt in the Leventina suppressed by Uri. 1777 Mercenary agreement with France renewed. 1790–1791 Helvetic Club of Paris and the Vaud agitate for the French Revolution.

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