Hunting for Hides: Deerskins, Status, and Cultural Change in by Heather A. Lapham

By Heather A. Lapham

Changes in local American groups as they tailored to advancing Europeans.


This quantity investigates using deer, deerskins, and nonlocal items within the interval from A.D. 1400 to 1700 to achieve a entire figuring out of historic-era cultural adjustments happening inside local American groups within the southern Appalachian Highlands. within the 1600s, looking deer to procure hides for advertisement exchange advanced right into a tremendous fiscal company for lots of local american citizens within the heart Atlantic and Southeast.  An in another country industry call for for animal hides and furs imported from the Americas, mixed with the will of little one New international colonies to discover ecocnomic export commodities, supplied a brand new marketplace for processed deerskins in addition to new resources of valued nonlocal goods.  This new exchange in deerskins created a reorganization of the priorities of local hunters that initiated alterations in local alternate networks, political alliances, gender relatives, and cultural trust systems.  

Through study on faunal is still and mortuary assemblages, Lapham tracks either the goods local americans produced for colonial trade--deerskins and different furs--as good as these goods bought in exchange--European and local status items that prove in burial contexts. Zooarchaeological analyses offer insights into subsistence practices, deer-hunting suggestions, and deer-hide creation actions, whereas an exam of mortuary practices contributes info at the use of the nonlocal items got via exchange in deerskins. This learn unearths adjustments in monetary association and mortuary practices that supply new insights into how participation within the colonial deerskin alternate at the start altered local American social relatives and political systems.


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Additional resources for Hunting for Hides: Deerskins, Status, and Cultural Change in the Protohistoric Appalachians

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Ceramics Ceramic artifacts from the 1971–74 ¤eld seasons total more than 17,850 pottery sherds (MacCord and Buchanan 1980:119). 2). D. 1000– 1700 (Egloff 1987:11). More than 70 percent of the Radford sherds show either cord-marked or plain surface treatment. Net-impressed and corncobimpressed ceramics are also present in low frequencies. 5). Both Peedee and Lamar cultures are associated with Mississippian societies that occupied regions south of the Pisgah Valley (Coe 1995; Williams and Shapiro 1990).

Plan map of the Crab Orchard site. Adapted from MacCord and Buchanan 1980:Figure 3. 131). Excavations focused on an area in the northwest portion of the village. Field recovery techniques included sifting feature ¤ll through 6 mm mesh hardware. In addition, archaeologists water-screened soil samples from select proveniences through 6 mm standard and ¤ne mesh hardware to recover micro®ora and microfauna (Egloff and Reed 1980:132). The most recent excavations to date took place in 1985 when Calvert McIlhany, under contract by Tazewell County of¤cials, conducted further testing in the general area of the village.

If and when excavators did save fauna they chose fairly complete specimens easily identi¤able to animal species less common than deer such as bear, wapiti, or dog. It is well known that handpicking severely biases species representation as well as the skeletal elements recovered (Payne 1972, 1975). Samples biased by lack of sieving also compromise quantitative comparisons with faunal assemblages recovered by screening methods (Shaffer 1992). Due to these biases I elected not to analyze the faunal material from the 1971–74 excavations.

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