Immigrant Integration: A Cross-National Study (The New by Frank van Tubergen

By Frank van Tubergen

In outdated and new immigration nations, there's concerning the integration of the foreign-born inhabitants. Van Tubergen argues that evaluating immigrant teams inside of and throughout nations offers prepared insights into immigrant incorporation. He analyzes immigrants’ employment prestige, occupational prestige, self-employment, language talent and faith in 19 Western nations. Findings exhibit that immigrant integration differs throughout receiving countries and throughout sending countries. effects additionally recommend that the ethnic neighborhood is necessary: a few teams are rather good integrated in a single nation, yet now not in others. He exhibits how the function of immigrants’ nation of starting place, the receiving country, and the immigrant group will be understood with theories from sociology, economics, and demography.

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The public use files of the census data in the traditional immigrant countries contain large numbers of immigrants to perform meaningful analyses. Also, census data for the classic immigrant countries contain many origin groups. Labor force data provide information on multiple origin groups, but the categories in the surveys do not always include each origin country. 5 I used various strategies to obtain these surveys. First, I directly contacted researchers who conducted national representative surveys on the integration of immigrants.

Societies are multifaceted, each having a different culture and a unique historical background. Methodologically, it is argued that survey differences in, for example, sampling, mode of data collection, questioning, and coding, obscure true differences. And, even if surveys are conducted in a similar way cross-nationally, they argue that the meaning and interpretation of words and phrasing differ too much to make meaningful comparisons. Thus, from a theoretical and methodological view they argue that comparing different macro cases is like comparing “apples and oranges,” that is, that countries can only be studied as entities in themselves.

Researchers have also applied prejudice theory to immigrants’ socio-cultural integration. 5 depicts the causal argument. Using assumption (3), researchers have assumed that negative attitudes do not only result in discrimination (lowering their economic integration), but also in avoidance of immigrants (lowering their sociocultural integration). The ideas on prejudice were used in studies on immigrants’ socio-cultural integration, in particular with regard to ethnic intermarriage. In accordance with the idea on prejudice along racial lines, it was found that outmarriage rates among Black ancestry groups are much lower than those of other groups in the United States (Lieberson and Waters 1988).

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