Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines by Richard Stone

By Richard Stone

Now in its fourth version, Introduction to inner Combustion Engines is still the crucial textual content to lead you thru car or mechanical engineering, either at collage and past. completely up-to-date, transparent, finished and well-illustrated, with a wealth of labored examples and difficulties, its blend of conception and utilized perform is bound that can assist you comprehend inner combustion engines, from thermodynamics and combustion to fluid mechanics and fabrics technology.

Introduction to inner Combustion Engines:
- is perfect for college students who're following expert concepts in inner combustion engines, and likewise for college kids at previous phases of their classes - specifically in regards to laboratory paintings
- should be priceless to training engineers for an summary of the topic, or after they are engaged on specific features of inner combustion engines which are new to them
- Is absolutely up-to-date together with new fabric on direct injection spark engines, supercharging and renewable fuels
- bargains a wealth of labored examples and end-of-chapter inquiries to try out your wisdom
- Has a strategies guide availble on-line for academics at www.palgrave.com/engineering/stone

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17) cannot be solved analytically , 40 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES so a numerical solution is used, which breaks each process into a series of steps. Consider the i th to the (i + l)th steps, for which the values of E can be found as functions of the temperatures dE = E(Ti+I) - E(Ti) The work term, d W, equals pd V for an infinitesimal change. 18) an iterative solution is needed . The Newton-Raphson method is used because of its rapid convergence. 19) where r (E) = ~- dT ([(E)).

In practice , engineers are more concerned with the fuel consumption of an engine for a given output rather than with its efficiency. 5) mf : mass flow rate of fuel W : power output. 6) It is important also to specify the fuel used. The specific fuel consumption should be quoted in SI units (kg/MJ), although it is often quoted in metric units such as (kg/kW h) or in British Units such as (lbs/BHP h). Sometimes a volumetric basis is used, but this should be avoided as there is a much greater variation in fuel density than calorific value.

Fuel chemistry and combustion are discussed in chapter 3, along with additives , principally those that either inhibit or promote self-ignition. One of the factors limiting the output of this, and any other, diesel engine is the amount of fuel that can be injected before unburnt fuel leaves the engine as smoke (formed by agglomerated carbon particles). 8. A key factor in designing a successful compression ignition engine is the design of the combustion chamber, and the correct matching of the fuel injection to the in-cylinder air motion.

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