Julius Caesar by Philip Freeman

By Philip Freeman

Greater than thousand years after his loss of life, Julius Caesar is still one of many nice figures of historical past. He formed Rome for generations, and his identify turned a synonym for "emperor" -- not just in Rome yet as distant as Germany and Russia. he's most sensible often called the overall who defeated the Gauls and doubled the dimensions of Rome's territories. yet, as Philip Freeman describes during this interesting new biography, Caesar was once additionally a super orator, an finished author, a talented flesh presser, and masses extra.

Julius Caesar used to be a fancy guy, either hero and villain. He possessed nice braveness, ambition, honor, and self-esteem. Born right into a noble relatives that had lengthy been in decline, he complex his profession cunningly, starting as a clergyman and finally changing into Rome's prime basic. He made alliances along with his opponents after which discarded them while it suitable him. He was once a spokesman for the standard humans of Rome, who rallied round him repeatedly, yet he profited significantly from his conquests and lived opulently. finally he was once murdered in a single of the main recognized assassinations in heritage.

Caesar's contemporaries incorporated a few of Rome's most famed figures, from the generals Marius, Sulla, and Pompey to the orator and legislator Cicero in addition to the younger politicians Mark Antony and Octavius (later Caesar Augustus). Caesar's mythical romance with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra nonetheless fascinates us this present day.

during this well suited biography, Freeman offers Caesar in all his dimensions and contradictions. With impressive readability and brevity, Freeman indicates how Caesar ruled a newly strong Rome and formed its future. This booklet will captivate readers gaining knowledge of Caesar and old Rome for the 1st time in addition to those that have a deep curiosity within the classical global.

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I6"t knew Roman economic 6istory better dran almost anyone else has ever known it, and who was the foremost oPPonent of those who (like Rostovtzeff) saw an imperialist policy based on economic motives in Roman expansion in the second century-even Lucullus' ä, t""""y Frank there w^as1o_question about it: L. and the Rome; in interests fülor. ,o *rr"* Syria aruroyed those was tn$t' to result was that Pompey, whom they had learnt there would be ,oCrrir"r"a for Lucullus,'on the understanding that 'Three years later all: after annexarion profitable ,ä-" highly ^k elements same the when reward (^fte, Zoi th" righ* had their .

SIt was this precedent that P. Clodius remembered when, in 58, at another time of shortage,he wanted to gain support for himself by making the grain distribution an entirely free gift. 3 But Clodius calmly proceeded to provide the necessaryfunds by passinga law annexing Cyprus-another rich Ptolemaic posses'free'. 4 76 lt is easyenough to seethe line t}rat goesfrom Tiberius Gracchus' useof the Attalid inheritance, through the organisation of Cyrene, to the culmination of the Cyprus incident. For Clodius' law was there to stay, for obvious political reasons,and the money simply had to be found.

By roo, of course,we are within i decadeof the Social'War. The problem of Allied enfranchisemenrappeared to have faded into the background, afrer the acure phasäof the rzos. That it was very much there still is clear from some small facts: Marius' illegal enfranchisemenrof rr,vo Camertine cohorrs on rhe battle{ield; the settlement of Italiarr 4ong with Roman vereransin Africa (to judge by the families later found there); Saturninus' attempt to secuieroundabout enfranchisement for Italians yia the army and colonisation.

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