By Kenneth Duncan, Ian Rutledge, Colin Harding
There was huge controversy among social and monetary historians, anthropologists, economists, sociologists, political scientists and different experts about the nature and constitution of Latin American agrarian society. increasingly more reviews have come to problem the ordinarily accredited view that the backwardness of rural Latin the USA and its resistance to 'modernisation' are end result of the endurance of feudal or non-feudal sorts of social and fiscal corporation. as an alternative recognition has shifted to an exam of the social and financial dislocations because of makes an attempt to impose capitalist different types of agrarian firm on peasant or pre-capitalist societies. This ebook of essays via a world crew of students represents a considerable empirical contribution to the continued debate. This booklet should be of curiosity not just to experts within the box, but additionally to somebody wishing to appreciate the historic methods underlying modern Latin America's advanced land tenure and rural employment difficulties.
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Extra resources for Land and Labour in Latin America: Essays on the Development of Agrarian Capitalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Cambridge Latin American Studies)
Proof for this hypothesis, however, can only come from a close examination of surviving account books. Here we must rest content with one case study. The Hacienda San Jose de Duarte was situated about ten miles east of the town of Leon. It encompassed 103 caballerias or about 4,370 hectares, of which up to one-third was deemed suitable for cultivation, the remainder abutting on to the mountainous ridges which here line the plains of the Bajio. To obtain an impression of the estate it is necessary to return to 1758, when a formal inventory was taken (see Table 2).
Exploitation of marginal resources often became an important item of total receipts. Much the same trend can be observed in the local silver mining industry. There, the traditional bait to lure 38 David Brading workers into a dangerous occupation had been a share of the ore. 36 This drive to put the relation of worker and employer upon a strict wage basis sprang as much from a quest for survival as from a demand for further gains. As competition in the corn market became more intense, the margin between profit and loss grew ever tighter.
27. Anthony Leeds, 'Mythos and Pathos: some unpleasantries on peasantries' (abstract in chapter 19 below). 28. Sidney Mintz, 'The folk-urban continuum and the rural proletarian community', American Journal of Sociology LTX, 2 (1953), pp. 136-43; see also the same author's 20 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. Introduction T h e rural proletariat and the problem of rural proletarian consciousness' (mimeographed), 1972. Juan Martinez Alier, The peasantry and the Cuban Revolution', St. Antony's Papers 22 (Oxford, 1970), pp.