By Joshua A Fishman
A range of Professor Fishman's writings, in past times 20 years, on language and ethnicity in minority viewpoint, this quantity concentrates on six significant issues: • what's ethnicity and the way is it associated with language? • Language upkeep and language shift in ethnocultural viewpoint • The ethnic measurement in language making plans • Language and ethnicity in schooling: the bilingual minority concentration • Elites and rank-and-file: contrasts and contexts • Ethnolinguistic homogeneity and heterogeneity: nationwide and foreign reasons and outcomes. every one significant subject is prefaced via a in particular written creation, as is the quantity as an entire, thereby integrating the fabric and focusing it on minority crew issues. Joshua Fishman's recognized commitment to all over the world cultural democracy and cultural pluralism, not just as ethical imperatives yet as empirical resources, shines via all of those choices and unifies them philosophically in addition to scientifically.
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Extra info for Language and Ethnicity in Minority Sociolinguistic Perspective (Multilingual Matters)
Thus, the view that the deity (or deities) necessarily speak(s) to each ethnicity in its own language and could not conceivably do otherwise, is also a recurring view (albeit one that is not always accepted and, therefore, one that is also contradicted). It is a view related to a cosmology in which language-and-ethnicity collectivities are seen as the basic building blocks of all human society. In more modern thought, the superhuman origin of this co-occurrence and its dependence on biological essences are questioned.
A. 1965, Varieties of ethnicity and varieties of language consciousness. Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics, 1965. Edited by Charles W. Kreidler, 69-79. 1972, Language and Nationalism. Rowley: Newbury House. Also in This Volume, parts I and III. 1977, Language and ethnicity. In H. ), Language and Ethnicity in Intergroup Relations. New York: Academic Press, 15-57. 1978, Positive bilingualism: some overlooked rationales and forefathers. Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics, 1978.
In recent years, a few sociolinguistics have 'discovered' the principle of 'self-serving interest' in commenting on minority efforts to foster their language and ethnicity goals. This 'discovery', tantamount to the rediscovery of the wheel, is disturbing not only because it reveals how weak an impression the sociology of knowledge has made on some scholars, but because it starkly reveals the projective tendency in operation. Self-serving interest is not recognized in one's self, in one's own views and writings, or in the establishments with which one identifies, but with others, with outgroups, at times with groups who are merely seeking for themselves an approximation to the same ability to control their sociocultural boundaries and to safeguard or fashion the nature of their intergenerational sociocultural reality that stronger establishments have already attained and, therefore, take for granted.