Later Life Transitions: Older Males in Rural America by Edward A. Powers, Willis J. Goudy, Patricia M. Keith

By Edward A. Powers, Willis J. Goudy, Patricia M. Keith

That there's variety within the paintings and retirement behaviors and at­ titudes of our small-town respondents is clear. therefore, makes an attempt to legislate extensive options to difficulties of Social protection and different components of such a lot curiosity to older folks could be guaranteed of getting either supporters and detractors one of the aged in rural settings in addition to between different age teams. in the variety saw, how­ ever, are a few effects requiring additional recognition. The fairly confident adjustment not to operating of the retired males within the examine bodes good for these waiting for to depart the workforce within the following couple of years. This optimistic adjustment mirrors that saw in different different contemporary reports, after all. nonetheless, these no longer making optimistic alterations has to be thought of; they're going to proceed to require the eye of varied aid providers in order that makes an attempt to unravel their difficulties can be winning. both major is the truth that no transparent photograph of the paintings and retirement orientation of those rural males emerged. at the one hand, they have been final within the exertions strength a little longer than males in city sixty seven sixty eight LATER lifestyles TRANSITIONS samples and the task delight and most well liked retirement age for males nonetheless operating had elevated over the last decade. nevertheless, the price put on paintings had reduced, attitudes towards retirement had turn into extra confident, and the lads have been extra paintings than non­ paintings orientated.

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Extra info for Later Life Transitions: Older Males in Rural America (Longitudinal Research in the Behavioral, Social and Medical Studies)

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For example, high levels of autonomy (Friedmann and Orbach 1974; Lorence and Mortimer 1981), strong moral involvement in work (Etzioni 1961), more informal association with work colleagues (Parker 1971; Salaman 1974), high morale (Spreitzer and Snyder 1974a), and less leisure time (Goldthorpe et al. 1969) should be associated with work as a central interest. These suggested relationships were based on literature that contends that, to the degree work is a central life interest and a source of personal fulfillment, it may extend beyond the confines of a given job, carry over to nonwork roles such as friendship and leisure, and even influence evaluation of life as a whole (Goldthorpe et al.

In addition, the largest percentages indicating work was valued more than friends, comfort, or recreation were located in the oldest age groups at both times. Indeed, only on the 1964 question on whether they would choose the same line of work and the 1974 item dealing with how others viewed the job were very old workers much less positive than other age groups. Age differences also were observed on items asked only in 1974. For example, the oldest category of fully employed men most frequently indicated work was satisfying and highly valued.

The observation that work satisfaction increases directly with age was not supported by Morse and Weiss (1955). When respondents were asked if they would accept an annuity rather than work, the proportion wanting to work decreased from 900/0 among the 21- through 34-year-old workers to 61 % of those aged 55 to 64. But a reversal occurred at that point, with 82% of those 65 or older indicating they would rather work than accept the annuity. 25 26 LATER LIFE TRANSITIONS Possible explanations for the differences in findings from these studies are suggested by Saleh (1964), who found that older workers had different sources of work satisfaction.

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