League of Denial: The NFL, Concussions and the Battle for by Mark Fainaru-Wada, Steve Fainaru

By Mark Fainaru-Wada, Steve Fainaru

“PROFESSIONAL soccer gamers don't maintain widespread REPETITIVE BLOWS TO THE mind ON a typical BASIS.”
So concluded the nationwide soccer League in a December 2005 clinical paper on concussions in America’s most well liked game. That judgment, incredible even to an informal fan, additionally contradicted the opinion of a growing to be cadre of neuroscientists who labored in useless to persuade the NFL that it was once dealing with a perilous new scourge: a protracted mind disorder that used to be using an alarming variety of avid gamers -- together with a number of the all-time greats -- to madness.
League of Denial finds how the NFL, over a interval of approximately twenty years, sought to hide up and deny mounting facts of the relationship among soccer and mind damage.
Comprehensively, and for the 1st time, award-winning ESPN investigative newshounds Mark Fainaru-Wada and Steve Fainaru inform the tale of a public health and wellbeing problem that emerged from the taking part in fields of our twenty first century hobby. everybody knew that soccer is violent and hazardous. yet what the gamers who equipped the NFL right into a $10 billion didn’t recognize – and what the league sought to guard from them – is that no volume of padding may possibly guard the human mind from the strength generated via sleek soccer; that the very essence of the sport will be exposing those avid gamers to mind damage.
In a fast paced narrative that strikes among the NFL trenches, America’s study labs and the boardrooms the place the NFL went to battle opposed to technological know-how, League of Denial examines how the league used its energy and assets to assault self reliant scientists and increase its personal improper learn -- a crusade with echoes of huge Tobacco’s struggle to disclaim the relationship among smoking and lung melanoma. It chronicles the tragic fates of gamers like corridor of repute Pittsburgh Steelers heart Mike Webster, who was once so disturbed on the time of his demise he fantasized approximately capturing NFL executives; and previous Chargers nice Junior Seau, whose diseased mind turned the objective of an unseemly medical conflict among researchers and the NFL. in response to specific interviews, formerly undisclosed files and personal emails, this can be the tale of what the NFL knew and while it knew it – questions on the center of quandary that threatens soccer, from the top degrees down to Pop Warner.

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Signalons que la valeur voiture est en baisse, les cylindrées diminuant car la tendance est à la gestion de l’argent. On reste toutefois proche des modèles allemands, Audi ou Mercedes. Dans le milieu, on dit que « le Rebeu est branché BMW ». Une hiérarchie existe en fonction de l’endroit d’où l’on vient. Le joueur issu de la banlieue d’une grande ville, notamment Paris, s’imposera à un joueur venant d’une cité du Mans. Celui-ci sera toujours plus discret. La marque-phare du joueur L1 reste Louis Vuitton.

Un milieu finalement loin d’être anomique, mais où les règles, si elles existent, sont différentes. Il parle aussi de ce désir de frustration qui donne envie de s’en sortir même si, parfois, il faut user de moyens marginaux. Le respect des codes racailles… Le foot aime à se raconter sur le ton du « c’était mieux avant ». Un avant qui fait visiblement la part belle à une verticalité aujourd’hui disparue. Une hiérarchie claire mettant en avant « l’ancien ». En février 2013, dans L’Équipe Mag, Mathieu Valbuena, qui n’a pourtant que 29 ans, expliquait : « Les jeunes aujourd’hui ne sont plus à l’écoute.

Puis tu as le match contre l’Espagne où Nasri, avec Ménez, essayent durant l’échauffement d’allumer la copine du gardien espagnol Casillas à coups de ballons1. ” Et à la fin du match, il veut se battre avec un journaliste de l’AFP. Le fil rouge de tout l’Euro, c’est Nasri. Le problème, c’est que pour le public, c’est tous les Bleus qui ont fauté.  » Loin de tout amalgame, le journaliste de Canal Plus préfère plutôt que l’on extraie les pommes pourries du panier : « L’équipe de France offre un miroir déformant, et par conséquent l’image des Bleus est déformée.

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