Legions of the North: With visitor information (Trade by Michael Simkins

By Michael Simkins

In addition to Hadrian's Wall itself, this quantity covers the evolution of armour, gear and ideology among the Romans fascinated about the development of the wall and their successors. customer info on the various old websites defined within the booklet is incorporated.

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The officer's shield device is copied from an example shown in the Notitia Dignitatum, among several others in a drawing illustrating cavalry equipment. D. With the increasing flow of barbarians into the ranks of the Roman army, the practice of wearing body defences virtually ceased, protection being afforded by a large circular shield. Against heavy cavalry these soldiers had little chance of success, and many armies were destroyed because of this. The presence of 4th century mail at Caerleon in South Wales may indicate that in some areas body defences continued in use to some extent; however, there is no way of identifying the mail definitely as belonging to infantry or cavalry, and the latter is certainly a possibility given the known practice of continuing to arm Roman cavalry heavily as a counter to mounted enemy forces.

In his left hand, the centurion carries a vine staff or vitis, the symbol of his rank, not unlike modern officers' canes—although the Roman officer was permitted to exercise physical authority with the vitis. D. The archer's equipment is reconstructed from a grave stela of a man who served with the I Hamiorum Sagittariorum, found at the Housesteads fort. The helmet is reconstructed from the conical specimen found in Bulgaria at Bryastovets. Embossed with figures of Mercury, Apollo, Minerva, Victory, Mars and Neptune, the helmet is of bronze with a tinned ground.

Applied plate beneath the carrying handle, but Those made from bronze, of 1st century date, the dovetails are no longer visible, if indeed they doubtless continued in service during the 2nd were ever present. century and quite probably for as long as such 25 made from quite heavy bar and was taken all the way back to the ear recesses at the sides. The helmet shows no signs whatsoever of having been provided with crest mountings, hooks or rings, which conforms to the theory that the auxiliary infantry wore no crests; a theory which is possibly belied by a find from Noord-Brabant, Holland.

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