By Judith M. Lieu
A complete and authoritative account of the 'heretic' Marcion, this quantity strains the advance of the idea that and language of heresy within the atmosphere of an exploration of second-century Christian highbrow debate. Judith M. Lieu analyses money owed of Marcion through the main early Christian polemicists who formed the assumption of heresy, together with Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Epiphanius of Salamis, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, and Ephraem Syrus. She examines Marcion's Gospel, Apostolikon, and Antitheses intimately and compares his rules with these of latest Christian and non-Christian thinkers, overlaying quite a lot of arguable matters: the character of God, the relation of the divine to construction, the individual of Jesus, the translation of Scripture, the character of salvation, and the proper way of life of adherents. during this leading edge examine, Marcion emerges as a particular, inventive determine who addressed frequent matters inside of second-century Christian variety.
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Extra info for Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century
24 Hence, the charge that this God was the maker of evils, war-minded, and self-contradictory presupposes an appeal to and considerable disquiet about the stories of the biblical God. 25 Instead, he gives the simple qualiﬁcation ‘whom he also calls Cosmocrator’: This epithet originates in Ephesians 6. 12 – there applied to the ‘rulers of the darkness of this world’ – and it may well have been adopted by Marcion;26 however, Irenaeus had already described the Valentinians as applying the same epithet to the devil and the comment may be one of his characteristic attempts at assimilating different groups to each other (AH I.
Hence, some editors add after ‘Marcians’ ‘and Carpocratians’: so Pierre Nautin, ‘Patristique et Histoires des Dogmes: 1. , Iustini Martyris Dialogus cum Trypho (PTS, 47; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1997), 129. On the relationship, see also Le Boulluec, La notion, 92–105; however, Justin does not refer to Simon and Menander here as does Hegesippus. See p. 27. 22 MARCION AND THE MAKING OF A HERETIC were ‘Christians’. 22 Marcus and his followers would be an alternative possibility, although Epiphanius calls them ‘Marcosioi’ (Irenaeus, AH I.
25). The three who follow next ﬁt somewhat uncomfortably here: Cerinthus, the Ebionites, and the Nicolaitans (cf. Rev. 12 The account then returns to its original theme: Then a certain Cerdo, taking the initiative from Simon and his associates,13 settled in Rome under Hyginus, who held the ofﬁce of bishop in ninth place by succession from the apostles, and he taught that the one who was preached as God by the law and prophets was not the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. The former is known, the latter not known; the former just, but the latter is good.