Metals, Culture and Capitalism: An Essay on the Origins of by Jack Goody

By Jack Goody

Metals, tradition and Capitalism is an bold, broad-ranging account of the hunt for metals in Europe and the close to East from the Bronze Age to the economic Revolution and the connection among this and monetary task, socio-political buildings and the improvement of capitalism. carrying on with his feedback of Eurocentric traditions, a subject explored within the robbery of background (2007) and Renaissances (2009), Jack Goody takes the Bronze Age as a kick off point for a balanced account of the East and the West, looking commonalities that fresh histories disregard. contemplating the position of metals with regards to early cultures, the eu Renaissance and 'modernity' often, Goody explores how the quest for metals entailed different kinds of information, in addition to the humanities, resulting in alterations that experience outlined Europe and the modern global. This landmark textual content, spanning centuries, cultures and continents, supplies to encourage students and scholars around the social sciences.

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The fabrication of these larger ‘weapons’ meant that by the beginning of the third millennium metal artefacts encouraged ‘powerful social actors in their own right’. 50 Their use was largely elitist and the accumulation of bronze increased stratification and widened the gap between the elite and the commoner, as well as boosting the acquisition and inheritance of property. 51 This was not only a matter of the trade in metals themselves but around 1800 BCE Central European cultures widely adopted Balkan–Anatolian ceramic and artefact styles, especially in weaponry, giving rise to hoards of copper ingots on the routes radiating out from the mining centres.

A statue of Queen Boadicea of the Iceni standing on her chariot (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) © Getty Images Preface Mining is a highly dangerous occupation, involving its workers spending many hours underground in ‘inhumane’ conditions, subject to falls of tunnels and to the invasion of gas or of water. It is work that free men rarely wanted to do and so the Pharaohs found slaves and convicts to go there. In later times, men were forced to do this, either for money or also because they had no land, no other job.

3300–1200 BCEBronze Age in the Near East c. 3000–1000 BCEBronze Age in India c. 2300–600 BCEBronze Age in Europe c. 2000–700 BCEBronze Age in China c. 1500 BCEReplacement of chariot by warhorse c. 1500 BCEHigh-fired stoneware in China c. 1300–300 BCESpread of use of iron in the Near East c. 800–600 BCEChina develops wrought iron 700–600 BCEHallstatt culture (first Iron Age in Europe) 500–100 BCELa Tène culture (second Iron Age in Europe) fifth century BCEHeavy use of iron by Greece and Rome c. 300–200 BCEChina develops cast iron 91 BCEEarliest recorded blast furnace in China 55–54 BCEFirst Roman invasion of Britannia by Julius Caesar 43–84 CESecond Roman invasion and conquest of Britannia c.

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