By Baracco (Ed.), Luciano
The indigenous and Afro-descendant peoples alongside Nicaragua's Caribbean Coast, as soon as colonized via the British, have lengthy sought to set up their autonomy vis-a-vis the dominant Spanish-influenced areas of the Pacific coast. The e-book offers a large review of the autonomy approach by means of the old historical past of autonomy, claims to land and language rights, and land demarcation and communal forestry projects.
This booklet seeks to meet the globally rising curiosity within the inspiration of autonomy and bi-zonality as an efficient mechanism of clash solution and safety of minority rights.
The post-Cold struggle period has witnessed a resurgence of conflictive ethnic and secessionist politics that has put the taken-for-granted primacy of unitary, sovereign realms into query. in addition to situations equivalent to Cyprus, Northern eire, and the Basque areas of Spain, Nicaragua sought to unravel lengthy and persistent ethnic clash, problems with minority rights to self-determination, and questions about the sovereignty of nationwide states, via an autonomy approach that prolonged past a slender political cost to incorporate the workout of cultural rights and keep an eye on of neighborhood resources.
Autonomy on Nicaragua's Caribbean Coast is still hugely contested, being at the same time characterised via growth, setbacks and violent war of words inside of a couple of fields and related to a multiplicity of actors; neighborhood, nationwide and worldwide. This event bargains severe classes for efforts around the globe that search to unravel common and deep-seated ethnic clash by way of trying to reconcile the necessity for improvement, frequently fostered by way of nationwide governments, with the safety of minority rights recommended by way of marginalized minorities dwelling inside state states.
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Additional resources for National Integration and Contested Autonomy: The Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua
The Treaty of Managua recognized Nicaraguan sovereignty over the Atlantic region and brought the Kingdom of Mosquitia to an end. 3 Hence, the character of the region’s political institutions has been hotly debated between Nicaraguan governments and representatives of the local population, or Costeños, and their respective international allies, the United States and England. It was above all disputed in the nineteenth century when Spanish colonialism had come to an end, Central American nation states were attempting to consolidate themselves, and Britain and the United States vied for hegemony in a region that had gained in significance as a possible location for the construction of a new communication route linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
See also Gabbert (1992: 99-102). ; Jarquín (2004). 1 Nicaragua and the US, on the other hand, depicted Miskitu kings as mere puppets of British interests and frequently castigated them as drunkards: The King, George W. A. Hendy, who is also called Chief and President, seems to be a mere figurehead, and takes no active part in the government excepting to appear at the Council and sign whatever documents are presented to him by his advisers. 2 The historical polemic about the character of Miskitu kingship is reflected in more recent scholarly debates among anthropologists, historians and geographers.
25 National Integration and Contested Autonomy inhabitants of Bluefields were Indians, “mostly Mosquitos,” most of whom soon abandoned the town as a result of the discrimination and cheating they experienced at the hands of Afro-American and white residents. Thus, only a handful of Indians lived in Bluefields around 1860, apart from the Miskitu king and his family (MB 1855: 204; 1857: 65, 104; PA I, 22: 349, 412; Schneider 1899: 56f, 63f). Political institutions in the former British protectorate had to be reorganized as a consequence of the Treaty of Managua.