By Seth Kendall
Among ninety one and seventy seven BCE a chain of wars have been fought in Italy which left the Roman commonwealth in shambles and eventually caused its cave in. characteristically, reviews of those conflicts and their leaders have tended to target occasions and members individually, even supposing there's a thread which binds all of them jointly: all of those wars in a roundabout way concerned efforts at the a part of Rome s non-citizen Italian Allies first to acquire the rights of Roman citizenship, after which to augment and protect these rights as soon as obtained. via re-examining the turbulent decade of the 80s BCE from the viewpoint of the Italians, their fight for the citizenship, and the Roman response to it, there emerges a better realizing of a interval which in a different way seems to be a disjointed selection of random, violent episodes.
This quantity makes an attempt to supply any such survey. It first investigates the character of the matter by means of ascertaining why it's the Italian Allies sought after the citizenship. subsequent, it narrates how Rome s reluctance to offer it resulted in a conflict so devastating that Rome prolonged a sort of partial citizenship to safe peace. The Allies weren't content material with this concession for lengthy, besides the fact that, and their dissatisfaction was once utilized by Roman politicians to additional their very own ends. Such use is usually tested, as is the violence which resulted from it. ultimately, it's going to discover how this violence culminated in a full-fledged civil struggle, one on whose battlefields the Italians performed a wide half and which shook and at last shook aside the principles of the Roman Republic.
Front disguise: Roman ruins in what was the traditional urban of Corfinium (modern Corfinio), used because the base of operations by means of the Italians through the Allied battle from ninety one to 88 BCE.