Peasants (Foundations of Anthropology), 1st Edition by Eric R. Wolf

By Eric R. Wolf

This ebook explores diverse methods to peasant reports; the origins of peasantry; significant agricultural diversifications; social enterprises; elements of faith and beliefs; peasant activities; the peasant's relation to markets and non-peasant teams; and their difficulties within the sleek global.

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The public use files of the census data in the traditional immigrant countries contain large numbers of immigrants to perform meaningful analyses. Also, census data for the classic immigrant countries contain many origin groups. Labor force data provide information on multiple origin groups, but the categories in the surveys do not always include each origin country. 5 I used various strategies to obtain these surveys. First, I directly contacted researchers who conducted national representative surveys on the integration of immigrants.

Societies are multifaceted, each having a different culture and a unique historical background. Methodologically, it is argued that survey differences in, for example, sampling, mode of data collection, questioning, and coding, obscure true differences. And, even if surveys are conducted in a similar way cross-nationally, they argue that the meaning and interpretation of words and phrasing differ too much to make meaningful comparisons. Thus, from a theoretical and methodological view they argue that comparing different macro cases is like comparing “apples and oranges,” that is, that countries can only be studied as entities in themselves.

Researchers have also applied prejudice theory to immigrants’ socio-cultural integration. 5 depicts the causal argument. Using assumption (3), researchers have assumed that negative attitudes do not only result in discrimination (lowering their economic integration), but also in avoidance of immigrants (lowering their sociocultural integration). The ideas on prejudice were used in studies on immigrants’ socio-cultural integration, in particular with regard to ethnic intermarriage. In accordance with the idea on prejudice along racial lines, it was found that outmarriage rates among Black ancestry groups are much lower than those of other groups in the United States (Lieberson and Waters 1988).

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