By Lynn Horton
Peasants in Arms info the position of neighborhood elites in organizing the 1st anti-Sandinista rebellion in 1980 and their next upward push to positions of box command within the contras. Lynn Horton explores the interior components that led a majority of peasants to show opposed to the revolution and the ways that the army draft, and kinfolk and group pressures strengthened clash and undermined mid-decade FSLN coverage shifts that tried to win again peasant support.
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Extra resources for Peasants In Arms: War & Peace in the Mountains of Nicaragua, 1979-1994 (Ohio RIS Latin America Series)
Other economic diﬃculties faced by Nicaragua’s rural population in the s include declining terms of urban-rural trade, rationing measures, and shortages of consumer goods, agricultural inputs, transportation, and labor. Scholars also suggest that the Sandinista draft was particularly burdensome to peasant families, who depended on family labor. In addition, in interior zones where the contras were active, abuses by the Sandinista Army and State Security contributed to peasant opposition to the FSLN.
Sponsors, whose objectives had little to oﬀer poor and middle peasants, who made up the bulk of the combatants. Along similar lines, many pro-Sandinista peasants in Quilalí tend to stress the importance of contra repression, propaganda, and manipulation in recruiting peasant support for their cause. Another approach to peasant opposition to the revolutionary process argues that the unique historical, cultural, and economic structures of Nicaragua’s agricultural frontier forged a peasantry that resisted modernizing change, be it capitalist or socialist, and that was susceptible to counterrevolutionary appeals (Bendaña ).
Marines in the zone. After World War II, Quilalí formed part of Nicaragua’s agricultural frontier and thousands of peasants were drawn to the zone. These migrants developed their own unique modo de vivir (“way of life”), which emphasized self-suﬃciency, clientelistic ties, patriarchy, respect for private property, and a strong work ethic. From the s onward, however, the municipality entered a new phase of development characterized by the growth of exports, increased stratiﬁcation, continued patronclient ties, and a relatively quiescent poor peasant population.