By Si Sheppard
Immortalized in Shakespeare's play at the lifestyles and loss of life of Julius Caesar, the conflict of Philippi was once the ultimate conflict among the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian opposed to the forces of Caesar's assassins Brutus and Longinus in the course of the Roman civil wars that took position within the 40s and 30s BC. Si Sheppard takes a close examine the crusade that used to be waged round the Macedonian urban of Philipi. the 1st engagement at the third of October was once indecisive as Octavian's forces have been routed via these of Brutus, yet Cassius' camp used to be captured by means of Mark Antony's males; wrongly fearing that Brutus used to be useless and that every one was once misplaced for his reason, Cassius dedicated suicide - depriving the Republicans in their such a lot proficient commander. meanwhile, the Republicans' naval forces had controlled to intercept and spoil the provision ships of the Triumvirs within the Adriatic, a significant blow to Octavian and Mark Anthony. Expertly detailing the altering fates of the opposing aspects, their successes and screw ups illustrated in a variety of maps, the ebook then turns to the ultimate levels of the crusade. because the Triumvirs' forces slowly moved their fieldworks in the direction of their enemies' positions, Brutus, blind to the destruction of Calvinus's fleet and seeing few different strategies on hand to him, made up our minds to offer conflict. within the bloody and shut strive against, legionary fought legionary amid nice slaughter, until eventually Brutus' forces have been ultimately routed and his camp overrun. Brutus fled and dedicated suicide the next day to come. The Republican circulate beaten, Rome now rested within the palms of the second one Triumvirate. this is often the heritage of the Philippi crusade that sounded the ultimate loss of life knell for the Republican circulation.
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Extra resources for Philippi 42 BC: The death of the Roman Republic (Campaign)
When Octavian heard Antony had made contact with the Republicans he knew he could not afford to be absent from any ensuing clash of arms, for if Brutus and Cassius had the victory he could not defy them alone, whereas if Antony triumphed singlehandedly his ascendancy would be so complete none would dare challenge his claim to the legacy of Caesar. Although still sick, Octavian hastened to link up with his partner, arriving at Philippi 10 days after Antony. Every day the Triumvirs would go through the motions of assembling their army and offering battle; Brutus and Cassius would also draw out their forces on their higher ground, in order not to lose face, or depress the fighting The approach to Philippi 1.
Finally, it reduced the bounties promised to Octavian's troops and stalled on the plan for distributing the land they had been promised, establishing a commission - that did not include Octavian - to determine the terms of the settlement. The Senate further alienated the heir of Caesar by legitimizing the acquisitions of Brutus and Cassius in the east and voting supreme naval command to Sextus Pompey, who had advanced to Massilia (Marseilles). It appeared to Octavian that the Senate was determined to marginalize him.
In alliance with the seven led by Lepidus, the three Plancus had available, and the two Pollio could spare, Antony could now put 20 legions in the field (and 10,000 cavalry) against the 17 commanded by Octavian, nominally in the name of the Senate. In reality, Octavian was seeking terms, not battle. As a gesture of good faith, he had ordered the decrees of outlawry levied against Antony and Lepidus be revoked. In full view of their armies, and having frisked each other for concealed weapons, the three men met in a conference on a small island in a river near Bononia.