Philosophical Perspectives on Peace: An Anthology of by Howard P. Kainz

By Howard P. Kainz

"The writers represented are slightly extra assorted than is common in collections of this type (they contain Dante, Erasmus, Kant, Lorenz, and Rawls). Kainz has helpfully prepared the choices in six different types, each one emphasizing a distinct technique of reaching peace (ranging from international govt to mental mechanisms to issues of justice). The brevity and accessibility of lots of the excerpts, including the truth that each one is put in context by way of a quick introductory word, could make this an invaluable source for teachers who desire to offer their scholars with a traditionally delicate advent to this point of peace studies." -Ethics 100:2, Jan., 1990

"One of the impressive issues approximately this anthology is the stress among the idealists and the pragmatists. Bertrand Russell, strangely sufficient, is not to date from Aristotle.... "Philosophical views" is immensely readable. it could actually infrequently be in a different way, given the contributors." -The self reliant (London), Mar. 14, 1988

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Additional resources for Philosophical Perspectives on Peace: An Anthology of Classical and Modern Sources

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In former days most children died in infancy, mortality in adult life was very high, and in every country the great majority of the population endured abject poverty. Now certain nations have succeeded in preserving the lives of the overwhelming majority of infants, in enormously lowering the adult death rate, and in nearly eliminating abject poverty. All this would have been impossible but for the fall in the birth rate. Other nations, where disease and abject poverty are still the rule, could achieve the same level of well-being by adopting the same methods.

That is what gives it its quite exceptional importance. A test-ban treaty is at one and the same time by far the most important and by far the most practicable disarmament proposal before the world today. Strachey, 'Two Possibilities' 35 What sort of a peace? Two objections may at once be raised against the better prospects of survival which a test-ban treaty would open up before the world. Even if, it may be objected, a test-ban treaty might prove the 'growth point' out of which a joint American-Russian world hegemony for the prevention of nuclear war developed, would a world peace so achieved prove either stable or just?

58, art. xii. Preparatory in the sense that its conclusion is meant to serve as the premiss for the main syllogism. In Aristotelian logic syllogisms fall into one of three shapes, or figures; it is the position of the middle or common term which determines whether it is a syllogism of the first, second or third figure. Thus Dante's syllogism here is of the second figure because the'A' occurs as a predicate in both the major and the minor premiss. The 'intrinsic negation' is due to the use of the negating, or exclusive, term 'only' in 'only C.

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