Phytosociology of the Beech (Fagus) Forests in East Asia by Tukasa Hukusima, Tetsuya Matsui, Takayoshi Nishio, Sandro

By Tukasa Hukusima, Tetsuya Matsui, Takayoshi Nishio, Sandro Pignatti, Liang YANG, Sheng-You Lu, Moon-Hong Kim, Masato Yoshikawa, Hidekazu Honma, Yuehua Wang

This booklet describes the mountain forests of East Asia (Korea, Japan, China and Taiwan), the tree layers of which comprise various species of the genus Fagus. The crops is primarily deciduous within the northern areas, while in South China evergreen timber is also chanced on: a complete of 21 plant groups are defined, with info on species composition, dominance, geographical distribution and ecology. A common comparability is supplied by means of synoptic desk 1, which info the frequencies of ca. 1500 species  turning out to be within the Fagus forests; biodiversity and evolution are mentioned. The ebook, that is the fruit of a huge overseas collaboration, provides a synthesis of prolonged unique investigations via the authors and infrequently obtainable professional literature.

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In this association, also according to Wang et al. (2005), Fagus lucida dominates the canopy layer. Mixed with deciduous species such as Liquidambar formosana, Acer sinense and Sorbus folgneri and evergreen trees such as Quercus multinervis, Q. bambusaefolia, Castanopsis eyrei, Manglietia fordiana and Rhododendron indica, it forms a mixed evergreen-deciduous forest. Evergreen trees prevail in the sub-canopy layer, and the shrub layer is densely covered by Sinarundinaria bashersuta and Indosasa shibataeoides.

2001) (Run. no. 45). Character species: Carex lanceolata, Schisandra henryi, Viola rossii, Callicarpa giraldii, Meliosma myriantha var. discolor, Viburnum hengshenicum, Aster procerus, Picrasma quassioides, Liquidambar acalycina, Eurya hebeclados. Type releve´: Wang and Fujiwara (2003), Table 2, Reference number 6. We were not able to indicate the type releve´, because in the literature only a synoptic table exists. Wang and Fujiwara (2003) reported data for this plant community from three study districts on the steep upper slopes, between 970 and 1,040 m, of the Qingliangfeng Nature Reserve in Zhejiang Province (30 60 N, 118 530 E).

Nov. (Run. No. 28–48) Character species: Fagus longipetiolata, Litsea elongata, Smilax discotis, Parathelypteris glanduligera, Ardisia crispa, Dendropanax chevalieri, Rubus buergeri, Symplocos lancifolia, Dennstaedtia scabra. The vegetation of this class is composed by all beech forests in China, south of the Yellow River (Yangtze), excluding the southernmost examples in Yunnan province; with the differentiated order Fagetalia hayatae (Hukusima et al. 2005), vegetation of this class extends also to the northern portion of Taiwan.

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