By J. Whitfield Gibbons
Wisteria, mistletoe, oleander, milkweed, narcissus, yellow Jessamine, wild hydrangea, trillium, all are crops simply famous through most folk. yet those and extra that two hundred different crops in Alabama and the Southeast may cause systemic poisoning if ingested by means of humans and cattle. This ebook describes those toxic vegetation, together with numerous mushrooms, and discusses the poisonous homes, indicators of poisoning, habitat incidence, and geographic distribution. One bankruptcy describes crops that reason dermatitis or different allergic reactions-plants together with poison ivy, poison sumac, ragweed, clematis, and crimson maple.
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Additional info for Poisonous Plants and Venomous Animals of Alabama and Adjoining States
Certain elements, such as zinc and calcium, are found in some snake venoms and have been suggested as possibly affecting certain physiological processes in victims. Peptides are considered to be the venom components responsible for the serious medical complications resulting from snakebite, but the complexity of the venom mixture (and the often unknown interaction of these constituents) makes it difficult to precisely identify the causal factor of a particular physiological response. Wide variability in physiological condition confounds predictions of how an individual will likely react to injection by a particular venom.
All forms grow in pine or hardwood forests, usually directly on the ground surface. Page 27 Some may be found in open pastures, along roadsides, or even in people's yards. Any notable habitat distinctions of particular species will be noted in the species accounts. Toxic Properties: Among the active ingredients in Amanita that cause toxicity are the amatoxins, cyclic octapeptides that affect the liver and kidneys. One study reported that the amount of amatoxin present in 2 ounces of the most poisonous mushroom species can be fatal to an average adult.
This oxidation causes the animal to become hypersensitive to light, resulting in the development of erythema and pruritus followed by edematous suffusions and often necrosis of the skin in affected areas. Animal Venoms Animal venoms are generally complex chemical compounds that may consist of a few or numerous proteins, including enzymes and polypeptides, as well as other components, such as steroids, amines, and lipids. By definition, a venom is produced in special glands or cells of one animal and injected into the body of another animal.