By Mikhail Maslov
The I-15, I-16 and I-153 warring parties have been the world's first heavily produced warring parties. a complete of 17,000 Polikarpov warring parties were synthetic by the point their sequence creation was once terminated in 1941. airplane of the 1st sequence effectively operated in Spain with the Republicans throughout the civil struggle (1936-39), in chinese language palms opposed to the japanese (1937-38), after which with the Soviet pink Air strength back opposed to the japanese in Mongolia through the Nomonhan Incident (1939). Russian-flown fighter additionally observed motion opposed to the Finns in 1939-40 in the course of the wintry weather conflict. by the point the Wehrmacht introduced its shock assault at the USSR on 22 June 1941, greater than 20 Soviet pilots had made ace in Polikarpov opponents in the course of those quite a few conflicts. nonetheless extra aces have been created within the first months of the German invasion, even if losses suffered by way of the Soviet Air Force's 5 borderline army district devices outfitted with a few 4000 I-15bis, I-153s, and I-16s have been astronomical. regardless of being completely outclassed through the Bf 109E/F, the Polikarpov combatants constituted the spine of Soviet fighter aviation for the 1st six month's of the struggle within the east. Many destiny aces begun their strive against careers in Polikarpov opponents, and newly-winged pilots persisted to coach at the I-15 UTI-4 two-seater until eventually 1944. I-153s and I-16s actively participated in campaigns all through 1942 and, in definite sectors of the frontline, into 1943. Amazingly, a handful of Polikarpov warring parties remained in provider via to 1945. this can be an immense name that is helping inform the tale of fighter evolution 'between the wars', because the Polikarpov kinfolk of airplane successfully bridged the distance among the biplane combatants of WW1 and the monoplane warring parties of WW2. additionally they observed strive against in all the 'smaller' conflicts of the Nineteen Thirties best as much as WW2. This publication additionally contains a major bite of Spanish Civil struggle fabric, in addition to operations opposed to the japanese within the overdue Nineteen Thirties - either components are very hot with aviation historians and hobbyists alike.
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Additional resources for Polikarpov I-15, I-16 and I-153 Aces
This proved ro be a successful ractic, as a handful of Blenheim I11Vs were de troyed in late January. reported six major air combats and 65 minor engagements during the campaign, and some of the more significant actions that rook place in support of the push on Viipuri were detailed in a document created by the air force post-war entirled Combat Performance ofthe RedArmy Air Force in the War with Finland; This ski-equipped 1-16 Type 5 was assigned to 13th OIAE, 61st lAB of the Baltic Fleet Air Force, and on 4 February 1940 Snr lt Boruzdin returned to base with the fighter's rudder badly damaged after it had been hit by anti-aircraft fire over Lake Bjerke 'On 2 February the fighters of 59th AB of the 7th Army Air Force found themselves caught up in an air batrle.
On 5 ovember Tsokolaev desrroyed a Hawk 75 from Finnish pending furrher insrrucrions. Rocker projecriles and launchers conrinued ro be builr, however. According ro Red Army supply plans, rhe aircraft facrories should by I January 1941 have equipped 600 [-16s wirh RO-82 rails for RS-82 unir LeLv 32. In April 1942 he was made a squadron CO wirh 4rh GIAP, and on 14 June he received the ritle of Hero of the oVler Union. During World War 2 rockets, bur only 300 had been delivered ro air force unirs by rhar date.
Indeed, by mid-1940 only two fighter regimems had a handful of projectile-armed aircraft - seven 1-16s of22ndlAP of the Trans-Baikal Military District atBainTumenairfleidandl71-16s of 24th lAP at Kubinka airfield, near Moscow. Even then, although the fighters had the underwing launch rails they never carried the rockets, leaving the equipment (0 deteriorate. On 9 August 1940 the Red Army General Staff issued an order requiring commanders of the Military District Air Forces and the Far Eastern Front (0 remove rocketlaunching equipment from their 79 w > a: w f- a..